Games testers work for video game production companies to thoroughly test video games before the final version is released to the public. Also known as beta game testers, games testers receive a version of a game that is close to its final stages. The tester must then play the game a number of times, from start to finish, in order to uncover bugs or glitches within the game. Without games testers, bugs and glitches would abound in games, possibly making them unplayable and destroying the reputation of the video game production company.
Games testers are needed for every platform and genre. Depending on the location and the company, testers will play games on XBox 360, Playstation 3, Nintendo Wii and PC platforms. Role playing games, massively multi-player online games, action games, and learning games are just some of the genres of games that testers must play and thoroughly evaluate prior to release.
A games tester receives advanced copies of games in order to thoroughly test the game prior to public release. They must navigate all the menus to ensure that everything works correctly and takes the player to the correct sub-menu or stage in the game. If the game has more than one mode of play, such as beginner, intermediate or advanced, the tester must play through each of these modes from start to finish to expose any glitches. If the game offers play as more than one type of character, the tester must also play through the game with each character or avatar.
During gameplay, the tester attempts to discover hidden bugs by attempting every possible move or decision a player might make during normal gameplay. The tester may even attempt to do things within the game that an average player might not do, such as trying to get stuck in a wall or obstruction within the game. This type of bug is known as clipping. Once the character is stuck, the player is often unable to free him, making further gameplay impossible. Testers note occurrences of these and similar game malfunctions.
After discovering a bug, game testers must write a description of what occurred along with directions that accurately describe how to find the bug in the game. After submitting this information to the programmers, testers may be asked to test revised editions of the game in order to create a stable version.
Advanced training and college degrees are not required to become a games tester. Candidates in this career field must have an aptitude for playing video games as well as an excellent eye for detail and an ability to write well.
Skills for playing games are absolutely essential to be successful in this career field. Testers should have years of experience playing a variety of games. They should have knowledge and playing experience in the fighting, racing, simulation and role-playing genres. Knowledge of every genre is not necessary, but every tester must have a solid understanding of how all games work.
In addition, testers must have the ability to play on all types of gaming platforms. In most cases, they must also supply the equipment to play the game in the form of X-Box 360, Playstation 3 and Nintendo Wii consoles as well as a high quality gaming computer. All hardware must be current and up-to-date. A good understanding of computers & technology is also essential.
In addition to gaming proficiency, games testers must exhibit an acute attention to detail. Bugs and glitches in games are often small and might not be noticeable to the average player. Testers must demonstrate an ability to detect these errors and play the game persistently in order to expose all possible glitches.
The ability to write well is also crucial in order to be successful in the game testing profession. Testers must write and communicate well in order to convey instances of game malfunction to the game's programmers. Proper spelling, grammar and punctuation, along with the broader skill of effective translation of the nature of the problem to written communication is vital to success.
Games testers traditionally work from home, though some opportunities are available to work on-site at a video game production company. Testers have no set daily schedule, but once a game is received they may often have to adhere to strict deadlines for various portions of the game. Game developers often set an expected release date for their games, so it is vital that beta testers return quality information about problems as soon as possible.
Testers spend long hours in front of a television or computer screen and perform repetitive motions with their hands. While an office or space assigned specifically to the job of game testing is not required, it is important for gamers to work in a quiet and relaxing environment in order to devote their full attention to game play.