A lawyer is a professional person authorized to practice law, provide legal counsel and conduct lawsuits for a person or entity. The exact terminology for the word "Lawyer" varies throughout world. Attorney, counsel, barrister or solicitor depending on the place are all names given to lawyers.
The origin of the profession dates back to ancient Greece, when orators spoke on behalf of friends or citizens at their request. Although they acted as legal counsel, according to Athenian law, orators could not be paid for their services, nor could they organize themselves as a legal profession. The earliest lawyers in ancient Rome, around 204 BC, received payment for their services when Emperor Claudius legalized the profession and lifted the ban on fees.
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Lawyers have many responsibilities which go beyond the basic court trial. Researching information, drafting documents, mediating disputes and providing counsel to clients about their legal rights are just some tasks involved depending on your area of interest.
Types of Lawyers:
Divorce Lawyer - Focuses on the legal matters of divorce and the dissolution of marriage.
Immigration Lawyer - Determines the legal rights, duties and obligations of a person deemed an alien and aids an individual in gaining legal citizenship within a specific country.
Accident and Personal Injury Lawyer - Usually involves civil law cases that focus on injury to body, mind or emotions and compensation for the injuries sustained in the accident.
Business and Corporate Lawyer - Focuses on contracts, sales, commercial paper, agency and employment law, business organizations and property and bailment.
Family Lawyer - Deals with family related issues that arise during marriage, civil unions and domestic partnerships that include spousal abuse, legitimacy, adoption, surrogacy, child abuse and child abduction.
Criminal Lawyer - Focuses on crimes and their punishments.
Bankruptcy Lawyer - Focuses on individuals or organizations that make legal declarations stating their inability to pay their creditors.
Employment Lawyer - Governs the employer-employee relationship which includes contracts, regulations, bargaining agreements, protection against discrimination, wages and hours, health and safety, and severance negotiations.
Becoming a lawyer is a long and competitive process. A bachelor's degree from an accredited four-year university is mandatory. An associate's degree will not suffice. Your major is not important since this will not affect your chances of entering law school, but your grade point average will. Maintaining a high grade point average (GPA) throughout your four years is important.
Once you have completed your bachelor's degree, the next step is to take the entrance exam known as the LSAT (Law School Admissions Test). This is a half-day exam so preparation is important. Investing in study guides, practice tests and a LSAT prep course will help with your success.
The next step is applying to a law school. Your GPA and LSAT scores will influence your chances of acceptance. Most schools minimum score requirement will decide your application being considered.
Once accepted, expect to spend a minimum of three years as a full-time student. Law school focuses on essay exams and requires formulating information in a way acceptable to your professor, so it is imperative to adopt to this style of learning early.
Next, after graduating law school, you must prepare for the bar exam. The best way to prepare and pass on the first try is to take the bar review course. The money is worth the investment because it aids in organizing your thoughts and ensures you covered all the necessary information.
The last step is passing the Character and Fitness evaluation. This is an extensive and intrusive investigation into your personal history and records to decide your ethics in practicing law.
Education is not the only skill needed for this profession. The ability to articulate effectively, be persuasive, mediate disputes, and recall large volumes of legal documents and precedents are all essential.
A lawyer can work in a law firm, private company or even work for state as a public defender or for the prosecution. Most attorneys work 50-80 hours per week, including weekends. The newly hired attorneys usually serve as clerks in charge of researching information and aiding in preparation for upcoming trials.
Depending on your area of law and where you choose to practice will decide your salary. Criminal lawyers and public defenders make far less than those practicing corporate law. Lawyers practicing in larger cities make more than those in smaller municipalities. The national U.S. salary average is $56,000-$105,447. The Canadian Government Services Canada website states that the average Canadian lawyer makes about $50,600 annually. The salary also varies throughout the world. For example, Australia's average salary range is $50,792 - $85,637, where as India's average salary is $6,626-$32,003.