A Lyric Writer (also known as a Lyricist), is an individual who is involved in writing creative words that are used in songs. Many times, a successful lyric writer will work closely with a musical composer who can give feedback on how the lyrics that are written will work in conjunction with the music that will accompany them.
Sometimes a lyricist will be someone who can not only write the words to a song, but can also write the music. This is a definite advantage for any lyricist, because that way they are able to control both aspects of a song, ultimately achieving the artistic feel that they were aiming for. Even if a lyric writer does not have the complete ability to write both the words and music-piece, it is an excellent idea if they are able to have a brief understanding of the musical aspect.
At times, a lyricist will write exclusively for one band or performer. Many performers or entertainers do not write their own material, but are backed by talented writers who are able to compose songs that compliment their niche in the industry.
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Typically, a lyric writer will be a freelance writer who submits their work to composers, record companies, or performers who are looking for words to put to the pieces of music they have written. It is not uncommon for a lyricist to have a musical recording submitted to him or her, and be asked to put together words to go along with it.
It is important that a good lyric writer be able to work well with other people. Often, the work of a lyricist is scrutinized and edited in order to come up with a finished product. Communication and people skills are a must if you are going to be working with other composers or writers.
Sometimes a good lyricist is able to not only write the words to a song, but write the musical aspect as well, and perform it on their own. Some very successful artists and entertainers have mastered each aspect of song writing, and have gained wealth and notoriety because of it. Some excellent examples of this would be John Lennon, Fiona Apple, John Mayer, Elton John, and Jack Johnson (just to name a few).
In order to be a successful lyricist, you must be a creative person with the ability to put your thoughts down on paper in an artistic manner. Often, songs are full of different types of meter, rhyme, or imagery. Many songs are poetic pieces with a musical overlay. If you are able to write poetry, there is a good chance you would be able to write lyrics.
The key to being a writer in any field is simply to write often. You should always be working on your writing skills by keeping a journal, or having ongoing poetical works, stories, articles, or essays. It is not good to let your cognitive creativity go into atrophy, as it will affect your success as a lyric writer.
It would be a helpful first step for a beginner lyricist to find instrumentalists to whom they can submit their lyrics to, and see how they are able to be meshed together into a song. This would be excellent practice, and it would also help to have connections with people who may be able to help further your song writing career.
Another advantage for a promising lyricist would be to take a few musical theory classes and learn the basics of a common instrument such as the piano or guitar. The main focus of a lyric writer's career is obviously the words in a song, but being able to strum a few chords and intelligently discuss the musical progression with the composers you work with, is definitely a bonus.
There is not a typical or standardized work environment for a lyric writer. As mentioned above, many lyricists are freelance writers, and many of them work from home. It is also possible to rent out a studio space or office suite where you have a dedicated work area. This may help your concentration, as well as your professionalism when meeting with possible clients. It may be difficult to afford a rented office space when first getting started, but it would be a good thing to keep in mind for the future.
Just as there is not a typical workplace for a lyricist, there is not necessarily a typical salary either. There is a reason that the term "Starving Artist" is a prevalent phrase in the art world. This is not to discourage you in your aspirations of being a successful lyric writer; it is just to let you know that it is not always an easy field to make a living in. There is such a sharp pay scale ranging from those who are just getting started, to those who have written hit songs that have gone platinum. Unfortunately, it is nearly impossible to give a definitive calculation when it comes to a lyricist's pay.