Model makers have a number of responsibilities in a variety of industries. When working in the construction business with an architect, the model maker will be given the blueprints, or sketches, for the building that the architect is creating. This could be a sketch for a school, a hospital, or a home. After receiving the sketch, the model maker and architect discuss the design and decide whether or not a simple or complex model is going to be created. With a simple model, they may just create a scale model, which outlines the basic three-dimensional structure of the building. If the architect decides that more detail is needed, the model maker may create a more complex model in which he includes aspects such as scaled down furniture, trees and people.
Once a model is decided upon, they will examine the architect's designs carefully and come up with a plan for their model. They then carefully craft the model using a variety of materials and tools. Once the model is finished, the architect can get a three dimensional idea of his blueprints. This helps the architect to get a clear vision for the rest of his designs in the architectural process.
Model makers also work in the film and television industry as part of the special effects team. In this sphere they can be called on to create a variety of models. For example, the film director may want to use a miniature model for some scenes rather than having to film on location. After a disucssion with the film's director to decide exactly what is needed from the model, a model maker will then create the piece and it will be used during filming.