Park rangers, also known as conservation scientists, are environmental specialists who work in conjunction with landowners to observe and maintain untouched natural landscapes. Another interchangeable job title for park rangers is forester, the term most often used to describe men and women who tirelessly monitor and protect the state-owned natural resources of Canada and the United States.
The landowners that conservation scientists work alongside include the local government entities of provinces or states, federal governments, and private landowners as well. State and provincial authorities may employ conservation scientists in order to combat the ever-present threat of wild fires, or municipal governments may employ conservation scientists to protect reserved parklands from erosion. Private landowners may similarly hire foresters on a contractual basis to provide detailed recommendations on a wide range of land conservation efforts.
Many different variations of the job description of park rangers exist, but primarily speaking, park rangers fall into one of two broad categories: soil and water conservationists and range managers. Soil and water conservationists provide specific advice to landowners on issues related to irrigation and overall water quality. Range managers, on the other hand, have a more broad range of responsibilities such as providing educational services to the visitors of national parks.