Using various techniques, a Sound Recorder will perform a wide range of tasks like noise control, acoustical design, and sound level setting. Depending on their project role, an audio recording engineer will be called upon to perform tasks on any level, from the basics of microphone placement to the more advanced aspects of sound waves and sound wave integration.
Translating analog to digital sound and synchronizing sounds to visual media is also an important aspect of the work of an Audio Engineer. In the studio, an audio engineer is responsible for not only recording but also editing, mixing and mastering the sound recording. They must also be familiar with design, installation and operation of equipment for sound recording, reinforcement and broadcasting.
Although they should be educated in the overall process of recording, typically an audio engineer will specialize in one or two steps in the total sound recording process. The four steps involved in the production of a recording are: recording, editing, mixing, and mastering.
There are many career paths in Sound Recording, including the Studio Engineer, who works within a studio facility, and can work with a producer or on their own; the Recording Engineer, who specializes in only the recording of sound; the Assistant Engineer, which is an entry level or training position in larger studios and usually assists full-time engineers with microphone setups and sometimes rough mixes; the Mixing Engineer, who creates mixes of multi-track recordings (often a commercial record is recorded at one studio and later mixed by different engineers in other studios); Mastering Engineer who makes any final adjustments to the overall sound of the record before commercial duplication; Game Audio Designer/Engineer who deals with all sounds included in game development; and the Audio Post Engineer - a person who edits audio for film and/or television.