Stone cutters or stone masons build stone walls, floors, interiors and exteriors of private homes, buildings and other structures, such as stone piers, arches, sills, steps and hearths. They work with both natural and artificial stones. The natural stones are marble, granite, sandstone and limestone while the artificial stones are made of cement and cement mixed with marble chips and other masonry materials. Masons are highly skilled worker who meticulously follow the blueprint of an architectural or engineering design of a building or other structures in construction.
A stone cutter is a broad term that includes any or all of the following: stone mason, brick mason, block mason or simply mason. Stone masonry workers are further subdivided into several specialized area of expertise, including:
Quarrymen split masses of rocks underground and haul it to the surface.
Stone sawyers cuts rough blocks of rocks into cubes for futher processing.
Banker masons carve stones into intricate geometrical pattern for use in a building's architectural design.
Stone carvers sculp stones into artistic forms such as figurines or abstract designs.
Fixer masons are specialists who fix stone unto buildings using a lifting tackle and cement it in place using mortars, grout, cements, etc.
Memorial masons carve tombstones and inscriptions.