In order to become a Zoologist, one will need a bachelor’s degree for entry-level positions. Many schools offer bachelor’s degree programs in Zoology and Wildlife Biology or a closely related field such as Ecology. An undergraduate degree in Biology with courses in Zoology and Wildlife Biology is also good preparation. A master’s degree is often needed for independent research and teaching positions.
Zoologists must have a well-rounded scientific background, so courses in Chemistry, Physics, and Botany are important to take. Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science are also important as Zoologists must be able to do complex data analysis as well as geographic information systems and modeling software.
There are certain qualities and attributes that Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists need to have in order to be successful. Sound reasoning and judgment is necessary in order to draw conclusions from scientific observations. Working effectively with others is important as Zoologists often work in teams. They must be observant in order to notice slight changes in an animal's behaviour. Also, problem-solving skills are necessary, especially when dealing with threats that may affect animals, such as disease. Zoologists need to be able to verbally communicate, as they often give presentations, educating others on wildlife and management issues. Finally, writing skills are imperative, as writing papers, articles and reports could be a big part of a Zoologist's day.