A political scientist is a person who studies government, political processes and political issues in a scientific way, often within the context of an academic institution. This field of study encompasses many things besides the formal institutions of government. Formal laws are indeed studied, but so are things like public opinion, parties and economics. As a science, the study of politics in an academy strives to be systematic, objective and impartial. Randomness and subjectivity are avoided, while personal biases and partisan views are kept out of the process. A political scientist can give opinions as well as conclusions, but they are always based on fact and supported by evidence and reasoning. The field is diverse and includes many different subfields. Some political scientists specialize in the study of a single country's unique institutions, such as in the study of American Government. Then there is the subfield of Comparative Politics, which compares different systems like democracies, republics, monarchies, etc. Political Economy is the subfield that deals with economic policy, such as fiscal, monetary and stabilization measures, as well as public regulation of industry. Foreign policy, military questions, national security, trade policy and international finance would generally fall under the category of International Relations. Finally, there are the two closely related subfields of Political Theory and Philosophy. These two areas would deal with more philosophical and analytical questions like justice and rights, and how these concepts would be applied to current institutions; for example, the ways in which political reform might lead to a more just or efficient arrangement of society.
Traffic technicians, also known as traffic technologists, are skilled workers who specialize in the technical aspects of controlling and studying vehicle traffic. A more general job title for traffic technicians is civil engineering technician, but more often than not, traffic technicians focus exclusively on issues involving roadways. Civil engineering technicians, on the other hand, handle a much broader range of responsibilities such as working on building construction sites. Traffic technicians may work on newly constructed roads, but usually they perform more duties that are related to maintenance. Traffic technicians are professional engineering specialists who work under the guidance of a civil engineer in most cases. Occasionally, traffic technicians fulfill the role of researcher and data collector when assisting a civil engineer. Expanding a decades-old interstate highway, for example, requires a large amount of data collection in order to accommodate modern traffic flow. Without the real-world expertise of traffic technicians, civil engineers would not be able to apply experimental concepts.
Park rangers, also known as conservation scientists, are environmental specialists who work in conjunction with landowners to observe and maintain untouched natural landscapes. Another interchangeable job title for park rangers is forester, the term most often used to describe men and women who tirelessly monitor and protect the state-owned natural resources of Canada and the United States. The landowners that conservation scientists work alongside include the local government entities of provinces or states, federal governments, and private landowners as well. State and provincial authorities may employ conservation scientists in order to combat the ever-present threat of wild fires, or municipal governments may employ conservation scientists to protect reserved parklands from erosion. Private landowners may similarly hire foresters on a contractual basis to provide detailed recommendations on a wide range of land conservation efforts. Many different variations of the job description of park rangers exist, but primarily speaking, park rangers fall into one of two broad categories: soil and water conservationists and range managers. Soil and water conservationists provide specific advice to landowners on issues related to irrigation and overall water quality. Range managers, on the other hand, have a more broad range of responsibilities such as providing educational services to the visitors of national parks.
A programmer, computer programmer or coder is someone who writes computer software. The term computer programmer can refer to a specialist in one area of computer programming or to a generalist who writes code for many kinds of software. One who practices or professes a formal approach to programming may also be known as a programmer analyst. The term programmer can be used to refer to a software developer, software engineer, computer scientist, or software analyst. However, members of these professions typically possess other software engineering skills, beyond programming; for this reason, the term programmer is sometimes considered an insulting or derogatory oversimplification of these other professions. This has sparked much debate amongst developers, analysts, computer scientists, programmers, and outsiders who continue to be puzzled at the subtle differences in these occupations. Within software engineering, programming (the implementation) is regarded as one phase in a software development process. There is an ongoing debate on the extent to which the writing of programs is an art, a craft or an engineering discipline. In general, good programming is considered to be the measured application of all three, with the goal of producing an efficient software solution. The discipline differs from many other technical professions in that programmers, in general, do not need to be licensed or pass any standardized (or governmentally regulated) certification tests in order to call themselves "programmers" or even "software engineers." However, representing oneself as a "Professional Software Engineer" without a license from an accredited institution is illegal in many parts of the world. However, because the discipline covers many areas, which may or may not include critical applications, it is debatable whether licensing is required for the profession as a whole. In most cases, the discipline is self-governed by the entities which require the programming.
A radio mechanic is a technical professional who builds, operates and repairs the equipment necessary for radio communications. Radio mechanics test new equipment, develop new technologies that make it possible to communicate more reliably and over longer distances, replace defective parts, troubleshoot malfunctioning radio equipment and complete repairs for individuals, organizations and the military. Many mechanics must also be innovators with a talent for improvising workable communication solutions in harsh environments and inclement weather, using limited parts.
The most common type of Pharmacist is a community pharmacist who traditionally works in a pharmacy (chemist shop, UK) and is in charge of the dispensing of prescription medications. Hospital pharmacists work in hospital pharmacies and are in charge of the drug dispensing within the hospital. Others may work in research relating to the pharmaceutical industry, researching new drugs and other health and nutrition issues. There are also specific specialty pharmacists, some of them being veterinary, oncology, clinical, nuclear, consultant and industrial. Specialists work within specific areas of medicine and have expertise and experience in these particular areas.
Orthodontists have the power to help people feel less anxious about their teeth. They get to help improve smiles and give their patients self-confidence through their work. Orthodontists are dentists who specialize in how the jaws and teeth are aligned. They have the important job of helping people whose teeth are misaligned or require some kind of correction – those with an improper bite, or malocclusion. Patients' general dentists refer them to orthodontists when their teeth are not straight and it is affecting them or could affect them in a negative way in the future. An improper bite can mean that a patient's teeth are growing in crooked or crowded and creating discomfort. Even if there is no pain or discomfort, a patient may simply want to improve their appearance with a straighter set of teeth. Generally, orthodontists spend a lot of time setting patients up with a proper set of braces to achieve straighter smiles.
A gynecologist is a medical doctor that specializes in women's reproductive systems. Separate doctors that specialize in treating women have existed for centuries, and these ancient specialists are the forefathers of today's gynecological doctors and researchers. Gynecologists are also sometimes refered to as women's doctors, women's specialists, ladies' specialists, female specialists, and ovarian specialists. Gynecologists are often at the forefront of debates over women's health and modern healthcare. Despite serving women, the great majority of gynecologists are men, which some people claim adds an interesting dimension to the realm of doctor-patient care. Every single woman needs to visit a gynecologist at some point in her life. This is because a gynecological specialist is the best kind of doctor to make sure that a women's reproductive organs are functioning optimally and in good health. While a general physician may be able to pinpoint and treat minor women's health issues, the expert opinions of gynecologists are absolutely necessary when it comes to certain aspects of women's health. Gynecologists are important medical personnel that make a difference in many women's lives.
Cargo and freight agents coordinate and facilitate incoming and outgoing shipments for transportation companies and other businesses. They typically work in warehouses, stockrooms, or shipping and receiving stations. Most work full time
Construction workers do many basic tasks that require physical labour on construction sites.
Paralegals do a variety of tasks to support lawyers, including maintaining and organizing files, conducting legal research, and drafting documents. Paralegals are found in all types of organizations, but most work for law firms, corporate legal departments, or government agencies. They usually work full time, and overtime is sometimes needed to meet important deadlines.
A stonemason is an individual who takes rough pieces of rock or stone, and shapes it into geometric shapes as dictated by the builder, and then, using these shaped stones together with cement or lime stone mortar, creates structures and/or works of art. These structures include monuments, buildings, cathedrals, tombstones, etc. Brilliant, beautifully crafted, exquisite and magnificent are just some of the words used to describe the work done by those who have successfully mastered the art of stonemasonry. Masons take great pride in being able to produce beautiful yet functional work that is uniquely suited for each individual client. Some of the greatest pieces of art and most notable structures were created by stonemasonry workers. Some of the more popular stonemasonry works include the Easter Island statues, Taj Mahal, Stonehenge, the Egyptian Pyramids, and Chartres Cathedral.
Veterinarians are medical professionals who protect the health and well-being of both animals and people. They diagnose and control animal diseases and treat sick and injured animals. They also advise owners on proper care of their pets and livestock. When taking the Veterinarian's Oath, a doctor solemnly swears to use his or her scientific knowledge and skills "for the benefit of society, through the protection of animal health, the relief of animal suffering, the conservation of animal resources, the promotion of public health, and the advancement of medical knowledge." They provide a wide range of services in private practice, teaching, research, government service, public health, military service, private industry, and other areas.
A histotechnologist, known as a HLT, is part of a medical laboratory team that works with human, animal or plant specimens to diagnosis disease and abnormalities. Their main function is to prepare tissue samples for analysis. This is a complex process and involves putting the specimen through a variety of preparatory steps. These steps include staining, processing, trimming, and other techniques that require a specific skill set. To achieve accurate testing, the HLT must have the skills and training to perform complex scientific testing. The HLT may also do some analysis on his or her own.
A private cook is an individual who prepares meals for families and, sometimes, for business organizations. One can train to become a private chef. Others who are naturally skilled in cooking can start taking in clients. But it is highly recommended that someone get formal training through vocational courses or obtain a culinary degree from a university. Private cooks are responsible for preparing anything edible. They are in charge of the whole process of preparing meals, from planning a menu to cleaning the kitchen after all the work is done. There are lots of opportunities for private cooks, since they can find employment in guest homes, on yachts and private planes, and in family homes.
Private detectives find facts and analyze information about legal, financial, and personal matters. They offer many services, including verifying people's backgrounds, tracing missing persons, investigating computer crimes, and protecting celebrities.
Dancers use movements to express ideas and stories in performances. There are many types of dance, such as ballet, contemporary, tap, jazz, and hip-hop.
A professional who practises forestry, the science of managing forests, is called a forester. Foresters are involved in a large range of activities covering ecological restoration, timber harvesting and day-to-day management of protected areas. They look after regular activities in the forests including conservation, outdoor recreation, extraction of raw materials, aesthetics and hunting. With gradual rise in global pollution over the years, ensuring carbon sequestration, air quality and maintaining a proper biodiversity have all come under the jurisdiction of foresters.
Every post office branch employs a number of postal service clerks for the day-to-day operation of the office and the management of various tasks throughout the office. Most of these tasks are customer-facing responsibilities that require a positive attitude throughout the day in order to meet all of their customers' needs. In 2011, almost half a trillion pieces of mail—letters, postcards, and packages—were shipped worldwide using national mail service agencies. The United States Postal Service handled almost 40 percent of this worldwide traffic, with 168 billion pieces of domestic and international mail passing through 31,509 postal branches. Within any postal service branch in the world, the clerks hired are responsible for the processing of this large quantity of mail, even with competition from other private shipping services.
Treasurers, also known as financial managers in certain job settings, are experts in finance who directly oversee the long-term and short-term budgetary goals of a business or an organization. Another interchangeable job title used to describe treasurers is financial officer, the preferred term in the corporate business world. In a large corporation the chief financial officer presides over the financial decision making process of the entire company's portfolio of investments and acquisitions. Financial officers ensure that a business or organization stays in good financial health by producing detailed financial statements and coordinating investment decisions. Financial officers also work in tandem with other corporate executives in order to create and meet the quarter-to-quarter budgetary benchmarks as instructed by the chief executive officer. Treasurers used to work to monitor the day-to-day finances of a business, but in the modern era advances in computer software technology have created a shift in the job responsibilities of treasurers. Today, treasurers can focus more of their time on raising capital, coordinating mergers, and deciding on which companies to acquire in order to further the success of a business or organization.