Childcare workers care for children when parents and other family members are unavailable. They care for children’s basic needs, such as bathing and feeding. They care for children in childcare centers, their own home, or the homes of the children in their care. Many work full time, but part-time work and irregular hours are common.
Veterinary technologists perform medical tests under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian to treat or to help veterinarians diagnose the illnesses and injuries of animals. They usually work in private clinics, laboratories, or animal hospitals.
Derived from the Greek words pais, meaning child, and iatros, which means doctor or healer, a pediatrician is a medical professional who specializes in providing medical care to children. Although there are surviving manuscripts devoted to pediatrics from earlier times, it was not until the middle of the 19th century that it was recognized and developed as a new medical specialty. Known for his many contributions to the field, Abraham Jacobi is considered as the father of pediatrics. He was born in Germany where he received his medical training, but later went to the United States to practice. It was there that he opened the first children's clinic in New York.
A dairy farmer is the owner or manager of a farm where cows are raised for the production of milk and other dairy products. These farmers are involved in a wide range of activities for the purpose of increasing milk production. Milk which is produced on these farms is sold commercially to regional dairy companies for pasteurization and processing.
Athletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating muscle and bone injuries and illnesses. They work with people of all ages and all skill levels, from young children to soldiers and professional athletes.
Geneticists are basically biologists who specialize in the science of genetics. This is a branch of biology that deals with the characteristics of the different organisms, the development of such characteristics, and how these characteristics are passed on to their progeny.
An archivist is essentially one who assesses whether a given piece of information is of value, and if the piece is determined to be of value, maintains and stores the information in the appropriate manner. Determining whether information is of value varies a great deal depending upon the purpose of the archives being collected. The information that is being examined and maintained can take on any number of forms including documents, letters, photographs, audio recordings and videos. Beyond maintaining the records, an archivist must also ensure that the information is preserved in such a way that it is able to be found, and once found, be understandable.
A cake designer is a professional baker who specializes in making and decorating cakes for all occasions. Examples include cakes for weddings, birthdays, holidays, and other special events. Cakes are often the centrepiece of the food and drink table. As such, they have to look amazing. Designers bake and decorate custom cakes based on the requirements of customers. Creative designs are used and adapted to produce a unique and visually striking product for each customer.
Locomotive engineers ensure that freight trains and passenger trains stay on time and travel safely. They work the brakes, signals, or switches. Some drive trains between stations, while others move trains around in a rail yard. Nearly all work in the rail transportation industry.
Hazardous materials (hazmat) removal workers identify and dispose of asbestos, radioactive and nuclear waste, arsenic, lead, and other hazardous materials. They also clean up materials that are flammable, corrosive, reactive, or toxic. Hazmat removal workers face different working conditions, depending on their area of expertise. Some must wear fully enclosed protective suits for several hours at a time. Completing projects often requires night and weekend work. Overtime also is common, especially for emergency or disaster response workers.
A cartographer will measure, analyze, and interpret geographic information to create maps and charts for political, cultural and educational purposes. The first maps were manually constructed with brushes and parchment, dating back many centuries. From the 15th to the 17th century, during the Age of Exploration, cartographers used maps that had been passed down for centuries to create new ones based on new surveying techniques and explorers' observations. Of course, the invention of the telescope, sextant and compass enabled increasing accuracy.
A person who practices materials science is one who studies and analyzes the chemical properties and structure of different man-made and natural materials. Glass, rubber, ceramic, alloys, polymers, and metals are all studied and investigated to learn or gain new knowledge. They then take this knowledge and devise ways to strengthen existing materials, combine particular materials, or create brand new materials with certain properties and characteristics for use in different applications and products. By experimenting with various materials and chemicals, these scientists can determine how new materials can best serve and improve humanity. Materials science professionals have created many of the items that people use today such as shoes, soap, canisters, containers, makeup, packaging materials, and so on. The main goal of someone practicing materials science is to study and understand old materials in order to create new material with improved characteristics.
Crane operators use machinery to transport various objects. Some operators move construction materials around building sites or earth around a mine. Others move goods around a warehouse or onto and off of container ships. Crane operators work full time and have eight-hour shifts, although longer shifts and overtime are common.
A taxi driver is a professional driver who transports passengers to their chosen destinations through the use of a taxi cab. By transporting their passengers, they earn a fare depending on the length of the taxi cab ride. There are basically four different types of taxi drivers and they each vary in both responsibility and job function. Owner-Operators purchase their own taxi. The owner is responsible for all aspects of the taxi and can work their own schedule. This even allows the owner to lease the taxi cab to other drivers. An independent subletter leases a taxi cab from a company and pays for its use. This allows for more independence for the taxi drivers because they basically own their own business and work as they please. Taxi renters rent their cab for their own shift and work for a cab company. Working for a company allows for more stability and less business-related cost, but does mean less bring-home pay. Many drivers prefer this method of employment because there is less responsibility. Taxi leasers are basically like renters, but they have a long-term contract, allowing for more job security. This means that by signing a leasing contract with the company, the driver is guaranteed a longer term of employment.
A substance abuse social worker evaluates and treats people who have substance abuse problems. The substances could be tobacco, alcohol, or recreational drugs. As well as being a social worker, the job includes being a probation agent, counselor, community support worker, mental health therapist, psychotherapist, clinician, clinical/social worker, and case manager.
Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese healing art, practiced for more than 2,000 years. Acupuncturists specialize in a group of treatments that fall under the general category of acupuncture. Many people assume that acupuncture is only about needles, but in reality there are numerous treatment techniques used. There are many different styles, including Chinese Japanese and Korean Acupuncture, but all have a common goal: the restoration and maintenance of good health and prevention of illness. Acupuncture is rooted in traditional Oriental Medicine which views perfect health as a state of balance. Disease and illness are caused when the Qi, or vital energy of the body, is in imbalance. Stimulating certain points on the body corrects this imbalance and shifts the body towards balance, reducing pain and restoring good health. In recent years acupuncture has gained wider acceptance and use in Western cultures, and is often recommended by mainstream physicians as an adjunct treatment. With an increasing focus on complementary and alternative medicine, acupuncture is a career that is likely to see significant growth.
Tool and die makers set up and operate a variety of computer-controlled or mechanically-controlled machine tools to produce precision metal parts, instruments, and tools. They work in machine shops and tool rooms and on factory floors. Most work full time during regular business hours. However, overtime, evening, and weekend work are common.
Pipelayers lave played a large role in creating the infrastructure of modern civilization. Modern plumbing and much of the world's energy all depend on pipes that these workers have laid. Pipelayers are often confused with pipefitters, and while they are in the same class of work, they are not technically the same job. Pipelayers are the tradesmen who perform the initial groundwork for construction by laying down pipes that provide sewage disposal, drainage or water. Apart from construction, some of the other industries in which a pipelayer may work include natural gas distribution, where pipelines are used to carry the gas to be used as fuel, and the building of utility systems. Like others in the various construction trades, a pipelayer will have to spend several years working as an apprentice under a more experienced journeyman pipelayer before being able to work on their own or train apprentice pipelayers.
An Optometrist is the medical professional concerned with the eyes and their physical structure, as well as overall vision, visual systems, and visual information processing. While the certification process varies internationally, Optometrists are generally qualified to diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the entire visual system, as well as to prescribe medications that will help a patient meet their treatment goals. They carry the title of Oculus Doctor (OD), and are afforded many of the same rights and privileges as other types of doctors.
Choreography is the art of creating new expressions of dance. Dance is an art which is used in many forms, and a choreographer is the brush to the canvas. Choreographers are the people who inspire with their movements and ideas, and their creative steps make masterpieces that can touch people. A career in choreography is not only fun and fulfilling; but it gives the choreographer the artistic opportunity to express their personality through the creation of dance. Choreographers are found in an array of positions around the world. A lot of them are instructors at schools or universities. Some create dance routines for music videos and films. They are even used to create routines for cheerleading and skating competitions. Choreographers are people who have a massive amount of knowledge about the human body and its movements. They make a living entertaining others while expressing their own artistic flair.