A valued crew member of any airplane, a flight engineer is responsible for ensuring that all components of the plane are in proper working order. It is their duty to make any of the repairs if a mechanical issue does arise. Flight engineers are also used to interpret complicated flight-related gauges and instruments, and to help pilots with navigation. Unfortunately, several of these duties have been diminished due to the emergence of automated computer programs, capable of performing several of the same duties at a much lower cost. Regardless, flight engineers are still widely used by the military and by companies with larger aircraft. This is because military aircraft use the most recent technology, operate under different systems than commercial airlines, and are at higher risk of attack or mechanical problems. Certain countries also have laws requiring all three and four engine airplanes to carry a licensed flight engineer.
Locomotive engineers ensure that freight trains and passenger trains stay on time and travel safely. They work the brakes, signals, or switches. Some drive trains between stations, while others move trains around in a rail yard. Nearly all work in the rail transportation industry.
An electrical engineer is someone who designs and develops new electrical equipment, solves problems and tests equipment. They work with all kinds of electronic devices, from the smallest pocket devices to large supercomputers. Electrical engineering deals with electricity, electro-magnetism and electronics. It also covers power, control systems, telecommunications and signal processing. They are usually concerned with large-scale electrical systems such as motor control and power transmission, as well as utilizing electricity to transmit energy. Electrical engineers may work on a diverse range of technologies, from the design of household appliances, lighting and wiring of buildings, telecommunication systems, electrical power stations and satellite communications. They may plan their designs using computer-aided software or they may also sketch ideas by hand. There are many sub-disciplines of electrical engineering. Some electrical engineers specialize exclusively in one sub-discipline, while others specialize in a combination of sub-disciplines. The most popular sub-disciplines are: Electronic Engineer - deals with electronic circuits such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, transistors and diodes. Microelectronics Engineer - deals with design and microfabrication of tiny electronic circuit components. Signal Processing Engineer - deals with signals, such as analog or digital signals. Power Engineer - deals with electricity and design of related electrical devices such as transformers, generators, motors and power electronics. Control Engineer - deals with design of controllers that cause systems to behave in a certain way, using microcontrollers, programmable logic controllers, digital signal processors and electrical circuits. Telecommunications Engineer - deals with transmission of information via a cable or optical fiber. Instrumentation Engineer - deals with the design of measuring devices for pressure, flow and temperature. This involves a deep understanding of physics. Computer Engineer - deals with the design of computers and computer hardware.
Nuclear engineers research and develop the processes, instruments, and systems used to get benefits from nuclear energy and radiation. Many of these engineers find industrial and medical uses for radioactive materials—for example, in equipment used in medical diagnosis and treatment. Nuclear engineers typically work in offices; however, their work setting varies with the industry in which they are employed, For example, those employed by power generation and supply companies work in power plants.
Photonics engineers create and improve systems and products that use photonics—lasers, optics, fiber optics, and imaging. They check for efficiency by testing to see if the system functions properly. Photonics engineers shape modern technology by developing experimental products that will eventually be perfected for daily use, including new solar-powered cells for electronics and manufacturing. From creating new and exciting photonic inventions to writing research proposals and reports, photonics engineers spend their working hours immersed in science and technology that will change the face of the world as it is now.
Environmental engineers use the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems. They are involved in efforts to improve recycling, waste disposal, public health, and control of water and air pollution. Environmental engineers work in a variety of settings because of the nature of the tasks they do. When they are working with other engineers and urban and regional planners, environmental engineers are likely to be in offices. When they are carrying out solutions through construction projects, they are likely to be at construction sites.
Biomedical engineers analyze and design solutions to problems in biology and medicine, with the goal of improving the quality and effectiveness of patient care. They work in manufacturing, universities, hospitals, research facilities of companies and educational and medical institutions, teaching, and government regulatory agencies. They usually work full time.
Software QA (quality assurance) engineers are individuals who monitor every phase of the software development process so as to ensure design quality, making sure that the software adheres to the standards set by the development company. Sometimes software QA engineers are confused with software testers, which is a mistake. Software testers test parts of the software at different stages of development, whereas a software QA engineer oversees the entire development process, which includes software testing, from start to finish. The monetary success of the software product is largely due in part to the quality of the product as well as the product’s ability to hit the market on time. Both are the responsibility of the software QA engineer.
Different companies have different needs regarding their computer systems. A manufacturing company may require specialized inventory tracking abilities, invoicing, payment, and age-of-inventory capabilities. A governmental organization will have entirely different needs depending upon the services it offers. This occupation combines several different disciplines in order to create, purchase and/or install a computer system that is appropriate for each client. Higher mathematics, higher sciences and electronics all factor into computer systems engineering. Computers, in one form or another, have been in use for thousands of years, beginning with the invention of the abacus in 3000 BC. While the abacus was a very simple version of a computer, its main function was to perform calculations. Individuals choosing this career study the development of computer technology, understand the underlying concepts of computers, create improvements on current processes and equipment, and integrate hardware and software programs and concepts to produce a fully-functional system capable of meeting his or her clients’ needs.
An audio engineer is a trained professional who works with the mechanics of recording, mixing, and reproducing sound. Audio engineering is also known as sound engineering. In Germany, an audio engineer is called a Tontechniker, and in Italy is called a Toningenieur. Audio engineers are not the same as sound producers, writers, or performers. Audio engineers deal specifically with the technical and the mechanical aspects of music and sound, nothing else.
Mining and geological engineers design mines for the safe and efficient removal of minerals, such as coal and metals, for manufacturing and utilities. Mining engineers work mostly in mining operations in remote locations. However, some work in sand-and-gravel operations located near larger cities.
A robotics engineer is s behind the scenes designer who is responsible for creating robots and robotic systems that are able to perform duties that humans are either unable or prefer not to complete for a variety of reasons. Through their creations, a robotics engineer helps to make jobs safer, easier, and more efficient, particularly in the manufacturing industry.
Ship engineers are technical job positions aboard a ship that require an engineering college degree and involve supervising and overseeing the activity of a crew of technicians. Ship engineers may be involved in coordinating the activity in virtually any technical department aboard a commercial, research and even military ship. The operation of engines, pumps, propeller shafts, electronic equipment, auxiliary equipment such as refrigerators and communication equipment is supervised, coordinated and adjusted by ship engineers, who usually have a crew of technicians in subordination. In today's fast paced world, maritime, riverine and other methods of water transport is done by commercial vessels that need to be technically maintained, repaired and monitored for proper operation. This job requires a deep understanding of technical processes, interaction between various parts of a ship's equipment, but also communication with the ship's crew and its captain. Ship engineering is a difficult yet challenging occupation due to the complexity of the task and the need to make quick decisions during sea operation, when replacement parts, new equipment and technical service may become scarce or unavailable. Ship engineers have the task to ensure that the vessel is running smoothly from a technical point of view until it reaches a port where it can undergo repairs and maintenance. Ship engineering is about being detail oriented, having excellent communication skills, and making quick decisions amidst scarce resources and uncertainty.
Sales engineers sell complex scientific and technological products or services to businesses. They must have extensive knowledge of the products’ parts and functions and must understand the scientific processes that make these products work. They often work under stressful conditions because their income and job security depend on successfully completing sales. Some may work long and irregular hours to meet sales goals and client needs.
A chemical engineer works with the ideas and design process in many different areas where materials are being manufactured, invented, transformed, or transported. Sometimes, chemical engineers are called "universal engineers" because their knowledge base and abilities are so broad. They have all the basic engineering training in math and physics as well as an in-depth mastery of chemistry and biology.
An engineer that works in the field of nanotechnology is a person who works around the smallest, most amazing fragments of science. From storing and altering things on the cellular level to creating new, tiny pieces of electronics, nanotechnology and the engineers that work within it are the cream of the crop, with acute attention to detail and a strong drive to succeed. An engineer in nanotechnology is a scientist that seeks to learn new things that can change the face of health, science, technology, and the environment on a molecular level. They test for pollutants, create powders to enrich our foods and medicines, and they can study the smallest fragments of DNA. They can even manipulate cells, proteins, and other chemicals from the body.
Aerospace engineers design aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, missiles, and systems for national defense. In addition, they test prototypes to make sure that they function according to design. They are employed primarily in analysis and design, manufacturing, industries that perform research and development, and the federal government.
Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers design, develop, build, and test mechanical devices, including tools, engines, and machines. They work mostly in engineering services, research and development, manufacturing industries, and the federal government.
Industrial engineers find ways to eliminate wastefulness in production processes. They devise efficient ways to use workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to make a product or provide a service.
Computer hardware engineers research, design, develop, and test computer equipment such as chips, circuit boards, or routers.