Geology is a study that encompasses all the materials that make up the earth, forces that act upon the earth, and of the biology of ancestral inhabitants based on the fossil record. Geologists work to understand the history of the planet we live on, to better predict the future and explain current occurrences. Geologists study Earth processes such as earthquakes, landslides, floods, and volcanic eruptions to survey land and draw up safe building plans. When geologists investigate Earth materials, not only do they investigate metals and minerals, but they also look into oil, natural gas, water and methods to extract these. Overall, geology is concerned with the changes of Earth over time, such as climate change and land formation.
An anthropologist is a scientist who researches and studies sociohistorical, archaeological, linguistical and biological aspects of humanity, especially as they apply to the development of modern man. In deciphering and analyzing artifacts, ancient languages and past cultures, anthropologists gain a better understanding of how modern civilizations and behaviours came to be. Theories surrounding anthropological studies are then applied to social policies, public problems and even government and military protocol.
Geographers study the earth and its land, features, and inhabitants. They also examine phenomena such as political or cultural structures as they relate to geography. They study the physical or human geographic characteristics or both of a region, ranging in scale from local to global. Most geographers work for the federal government. Many geographers work full time during regular business hours. Some do fieldwork, which may include travel to foreign countries or remote locations.
A histotechnologist, known as a HLT, is part of a medical laboratory team that works with human, animal or plant specimens to diagnosis disease and abnormalities. Their main function is to prepare tissue samples for analysis. This is a complex process and involves putting the specimen through a variety of preparatory steps. These steps include staining, processing, trimming, and other techniques that require a specific skill set. To achieve accurate testing, the HLT must have the skills and training to perform complex scientific testing. The HLT may also do some analysis on his or her own.
A Humanitarian is a person who actively engages in promoting human welfare and social reforms. There is no prejudice with human suffering or abuse on grounds of gender, sexual orientation, tribal, caste, religious or national divisions. A Humanitarian's goal is to save lives, relieve suffering, and to maintain human dignity.
Molecular biology is a field of science that explores and studies the structures and functions of cells on a molecular level. Experts in molecular biology must be proficient in numerous subjects and sciences before they can effectively conduct research or academic activity in their field. It is presumed that all cell functions, which are incredibly complex and incompletely understood, take place on a molecular level. This means that the sophisticated interconnection and cooperation of biological molecules is what makes life possible, which is an intriguing subject that puzzles molecular biologists and motivates them to discover the secrets of cells. A molecular biologist is a highly intelligent individual that is preoccupied with exploring, understanding or teaching the concepts behind cellular structure and function on a molecular level. Cells are made of highly sophisticated structures called cellular organelles, which include the nucleus, the endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, the Golgi apparatus and many more. Each of these organelles performs a particular function. However, unlike parts in a car, the functions of each cellular component are not clear-cut, and there is a high degree of dependency and overlap between their functions. Experts in molecular biology dedicate their life to deciphering these complex functions and exploring the biological laws governing the operation of each cellular component. Moreover, cellular organelles are further composed of complex biological molecules such as the DNA, the RNA, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates, and many possible combinations among them. The task of a molecular biologist is to develop an understanding of how biological molecules come together to function as organelles, and ultimately as cells performing a particular function within the body.
Sociologists study society and social behaviour by examining the groups, cultures, organizations, social institutions, and processes that people develop. Most sociologists work in research organizations, colleges and universities, regional and federal government, and consulting service firms. They typically work full time during regular business hours. Most sociology positions require a master’s degree or Ph.D.
Mathematicians use high-level mathematics and technology to develop new mathematical principles, understand relationships between existing principles, and solve real-world problems.
Non-destructive testing specialists are professionals that use their wide range of technological, reasoning, and creative skills to find imperfections in materials, structures, and equipment. They use older, reliable methods to find and repair these imperfections as well as develop new methods and technology to improve their field. Non-destructive testing specialists use techniques such as amperage measurement, rheometric flow measurement, voltage measurement, and radio astronomy to detect imperfections that do not meet regulations and laws. Specialists are able to easily interpret the findings gathered by the use of any of these methods, and can detect imperfections on large structures such as trains, airplanes, reactors, dams, bridges, and many others. They write reports that are sent to their clients, explaining their findings in great detail. Apart from the technical aspects of the job, these specialists are professionals that supervise staff and trainees within their testing field. They use strong communications skills to interact with their superiors and subordinates through many means to ensure the testing project goes smoothly and produces accurate results.
Forensic science technicians help investigate crimes by collecting and analyzing physical evidence. Most technicians specialize in either crime scene investigation or laboratory analysis. Crime scene investigators may work long hours under distressing conditions. Most laboratory forensic science technicians work full time during normal business hours.
An archivist is essentially one who assesses whether a given piece of information is of value, and if the piece is determined to be of value, maintains and stores the information in the appropriate manner. Determining whether information is of value varies a great deal depending upon the purpose of the archives being collected. The information that is being examined and maintained can take on any number of forms including documents, letters, photographs, audio recordings and videos. Beyond maintaining the records, an archivist must also ensure that the information is preserved in such a way that it is able to be found, and once found, be understandable.
Industrial-Organizational psychology is an area of psychology that focuses on studying people in their working environment. The role can also involve focusing on workplace dynamics and organizational structures. Through the use of industrial-organizational psychologists, work places can improve the success of their organization. Industrial-organizational psychology first began in the earlier 20th century when it was found that troops returning from World War I needed therapy to regain morale. It wasn't until after World War II that the field really grew, and as the 20th century progressed the use of a industrial-organizational psychologist in the work place became more common. Industrial-organizational psychologists typically work either within an organization, or in the academic field. For industrial-organizational psychologists who have gained considerable experience, consulting opportunities are available. Those who work as an industrial-organizational psychologist can expect to spend a lot of time working with statistics. As developing initiatives on behalf of businesses depends on science-based research, the industrial-organizational psychology relies heavily on working with large numbers.
Hydrologists study water and the water cycle. They use their expertise to solve problems in the areas of water quality or availability. Hydrologists work in the field and in offices and laboratories.
Park rangers, also known as conservation scientists, are environmental specialists who work in conjunction with landowners to observe and maintain untouched natural landscapes. Another interchangeable job title for park rangers is forester, the term most often used to describe men and women who tirelessly monitor and protect the state-owned natural resources of Canada and the United States. The landowners that conservation scientists work alongside include the local government entities of provinces or states, federal governments, and private landowners as well. State and provincial authorities may employ conservation scientists in order to combat the ever-present threat of wild fires, or municipal governments may employ conservation scientists to protect reserved parklands from erosion. Private landowners may similarly hire foresters on a contractual basis to provide detailed recommendations on a wide range of land conservation efforts. Many different variations of the job description of park rangers exist, but primarily speaking, park rangers fall into one of two broad categories: soil and water conservationists and range managers. Soil and water conservationists provide specific advice to landowners on issues related to irrigation and overall water quality. Range managers, on the other hand, have a more broad range of responsibilities such as providing educational services to the visitors of national parks.
A political scientist is a person who studies government, political processes and political issues in a scientific way, often within the context of an academic institution. This field of study encompasses many things besides the formal institutions of government. Formal laws are indeed studied, but so are things like public opinion, parties and economics. As a science, the study of politics in an academy strives to be systematic, objective and impartial. Randomness and subjectivity are avoided, while personal biases and partisan views are kept out of the process. A political scientist can give opinions as well as conclusions, but they are always based on fact and supported by evidence and reasoning. The field is diverse and includes many different subfields. Some political scientists specialize in the study of a single country's unique institutions, such as in the study of American Government. Then there is the subfield of Comparative Politics, which compares different systems like democracies, republics, monarchies, etc. Political Economy is the subfield that deals with economic policy, such as fiscal, monetary and stabilization measures, as well as public regulation of industry. Foreign policy, military questions, national security, trade policy and international finance would generally fall under the category of International Relations. Finally, there are the two closely related subfields of Political Theory and Philosophy. These two areas would deal with more philosophical and analytical questions like justice and rights, and how these concepts would be applied to current institutions; for example, the ways in which political reform might lead to a more just or efficient arrangement of society.
Chemists are scientists who research and experiment with the properties of chemical substances. They measure the effects of chemical compounds in various situations and study inter-chemical reactions. Chemists, usually working as part of a larger research team, create useful compounds for use in a wide variety of practical applications. Almost every industry benefits from the theories and chemical compounds brought about by research in the chemical sciences. Chemists also work to improve the quality of established chemical products and utilize advanced computer programs to establish new technologies in the field.
Archeologists study the origin, development, and behaviour of human beings, past and present. They examine the cultures, languages, archeological remains, and physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world.
A geospatial scientist is someone who uses various computer software programs and tools such as geographic information systems, global positioning systems (GPS), and other remote aerial technology sensors to gather geographic information. This helps them determine the best way to use the geographic physical space in which people exist. Geospatial scientists also study and analyze how people utilize the physical space around them. They may for example study the spaces that exist between two cities, towns, neighborhoods, or even streets. They then measure and study how the usage of this space changes over time, which helps them determine how things like population, weather and climate conditions, and resources affected these changes. The work of a geospatial scientist allows them to make decisions as to the best place to put a new school, daycare center, hospital, or bridge. By helping, many companies find the best and most efficient ways to use the world’s natural resources. This career is of growing importance to the Greenpeace initiative. A geospatial scientist literally helps to shape the city, state, country, and world in which people live.
Particle physics is a branch of physics dealing with subatomic (smaller than an atom) elements of matter and radiation as well as subatomic particles. The field of particle physics evolved out of nuclear physics, and the two are still closely correlated. Particle physics may also be called "high energy physics". The particles that are dealt with in this field are governed by quantum mechanics. This signifies that they may show both wave-like and particle qualities. The overarching goal of particle physics is to identify the most simple objects of which matter is composed of and to understand the integral forces that drive their interactions and combinations. Particle physics may be associated with: Electrons, Protons, and Neutrons - Atomic components, of which the protons and neutrons are composed of quarks Photons, Neutrinos, and Muons - Particles produced by radioactive and scattering processes Exotic or Theoretical Particles - Like tachyons, particles said to always travel faster than the speed of light Supersymmetry - Sleptons, charginos, neutralinos, and squarks String Theory Dark Matter Unified Field Theory Technicolor Theories Preon Theory Acceleron Theory Boson Theories The practice of theoretical particle physics develops the Standard Model of particles, theories, and mathematical tools related to current and future experiments. Research in this field can lay down the foundations for many other disciplines of science, including chemistry, quantum mechanics, and general relativity. The goal of particle physicists is to reach the physics beyond the Standard Model. Areas of great interest now are in studies of dark matter and neutrino masses. In 2008, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator was constructed in Geneva, Switzerland to discover new particles and develop new theories.
A biologist is a scientist who studies life, specifically organisms and their relationship to their environment. Generally speaking, biologists study humans, animals and bacteria to gain a better understanding of how the body works and how external factors influence each organism. Biologists are science-minded individuals with a passion for their jobs.