Mathematicians use high-level mathematics and technology to develop new mathematical principles, understand relationships between existing principles, and solve real-world problems.
Chemists are scientists who research and experiment with the properties of chemical substances. They measure the effects of chemical compounds in various situations and study inter-chemical reactions. Chemists, usually working as part of a larger research team, create useful compounds for use in a wide variety of practical applications. Almost every industry benefits from the theories and chemical compounds brought about by research in the chemical sciences. Chemists also work to improve the quality of established chemical products and utilize advanced computer programs to establish new technologies in the field.
A geospatial scientist is someone who uses various computer software programs and tools such as geographic information systems, global positioning systems (GPS), and other remote aerial technology sensors to gather geographic information. This helps them determine the best way to use the geographic physical space in which people exist. Geospatial scientists also study and analyze how people utilize the physical space around them. They may for example study the spaces that exist between two cities, towns, neighborhoods, or even streets. They then measure and study how the usage of this space changes over time, which helps them determine how things like population, weather and climate conditions, and resources affected these changes. The work of a geospatial scientist allows them to make decisions as to the best place to put a new school, daycare center, hospital, or bridge. By helping, many companies find the best and most efficient ways to use the world’s natural resources. This career is of growing importance to the Greenpeace initiative. A geospatial scientist literally helps to shape the city, state, country, and world in which people live.
A person who practices materials science is one who studies and analyzes the chemical properties and structure of different man-made and natural materials. Glass, rubber, ceramic, alloys, polymers, and metals are all studied and investigated to learn or gain new knowledge. They then take this knowledge and devise ways to strengthen existing materials, combine particular materials, or create brand new materials with certain properties and characteristics for use in different applications and products. By experimenting with various materials and chemicals, these scientists can determine how new materials can best serve and improve humanity. Materials science professionals have created many of the items that people use today such as shoes, soap, canisters, containers, makeup, packaging materials, and so on. The main goal of someone practicing materials science is to study and understand old materials in order to create new material with improved characteristics.
A person in the field of biostatistics is someone who uses or applies mathematics and statistics to varying categories in biology. They design biological experiments primarily in the field of agriculture and medicine; collect, dissect, and summarize the data; and release information based on the findings of that data. They are a critical addition to any research team and are often involved in the writing of papers on groundbreaking topics and research. They work on methods in applied and theoretical statistics in order to advance the science of data analysis beyond current levels. Anytime statistics, like “75% of people who smoke develop lung cancer," are heard, one can be sure that the hard work of a biostatistics personnel was behind it. These highly trained and educated people analyze and study the determining factors that impact the health and well-being of people, plants, and animals in order to arrive at conclusions about disorders, disease, or other health risks. With this information a biostatistics professional can study the effects of various treatments based on the findings and numbers of the analysis.
A biologist is a scientist who studies life, specifically organisms and their relationship to their environment. Generally speaking, biologists study humans, animals and bacteria to gain a better understanding of how the body works and how external factors influence each organism. Biologists are science-minded individuals with a passion for their jobs.
Industrial-Organizational psychology is an area of psychology that focuses on studying people in their working environment. The role can also involve focusing on workplace dynamics and organizational structures. Through the use of industrial-organizational psychologists, work places can improve the success of their organization. Industrial-organizational psychology first began in the earlier 20th century when it was found that troops returning from World War I needed therapy to regain morale. It wasn't until after World War II that the field really grew, and as the 20th century progressed the use of a industrial-organizational psychologist in the work place became more common. Industrial-organizational psychologists typically work either within an organization, or in the academic field. For industrial-organizational psychologists who have gained considerable experience, consulting opportunities are available. Those who work as an industrial-organizational psychologist can expect to spend a lot of time working with statistics. As developing initiatives on behalf of businesses depends on science-based research, the industrial-organizational psychology relies heavily on working with large numbers.
An astronomer is generally described as a scientist who focuses primarily on the study of outer space, which includes the stars, the planets and the galaxies. In ancient times, it was described almost as a study of the unknown, as people were curious about what was in the sky and wanted answers for what they considered phenomena. Despite scientific advances, there is still a certain sense of mystery to what is in the skies above us, and astronomers focus on research that both allows us to analyze the stars and planets as well as letting us determine how they can help various causes on our planets as well.