Structural iron and steel workers install iron or steel beams, girders, and columns to form buildings, bridges, and other structures. They are often referred to as ironworkers. They perform physically demanding and dangerous work.
Construction managers plan, coordinate, budget, and supervise construction projects from early development to completion.
A sheet metal worker is a skilled tradesman who creates, installs, and repairs sheet metal products. Most commonly these products include elements of heating, cooling, and ventilation systems, though metal workers also fabricate and repair products for drainage and roofing applications. Some sheet metal workers are skilled tradesmen, while others work on assembly lines performing less skilled tasks of metal assembly.
A locksmith is a professional who is trained in locksmithing or the skill of making locks. Of course, they are more popular for their other task, which is to open locks without the keys designed for them. Locksmiths are also professionals that design and form keys since the term also implies shaping metals.
A stonemason is an individual who takes rough pieces of rock or stone, and shapes it into geometric shapes as dictated by the builder, and then, using these shaped stones together with cement or lime stone mortar, creates structures and/or works of art. These structures include monuments, buildings, cathedrals, tombstones, etc. Brilliant, beautifully crafted, exquisite and magnificent are just some of the words used to describe the work done by those who have successfully mastered the art of stonemasonry. Masons take great pride in being able to produce beautiful yet functional work that is uniquely suited for each individual client. Some of the greatest pieces of art and most notable structures were created by stonemasonry workers. Some of the more popular stonemasonry works include the Easter Island statues, Taj Mahal, Stonehenge, the Egyptian Pyramids, and Chartres Cathedral.
Millwrights install, dismantle, repair, reassemble, and move machinery in factories, power plants, and construction sites. Because they work in production facilities and construction sites, minor injuries such as cuts, bruises, and strains are common. They are typically employed on a contract basis and may spend only a few days or weeks at a single site. As a result, workers often have variable schedules and may experience downtime between jobs.
The term "rigger" originated in the days of sailing ships when sailors were responsible for raising and maintaining a complex system of sails and rigging. In modern usage, it generally refers to someone who sets equipment up and prepares it for use. According to the U.S. legal worker definition, a rigger is anyone who attaches or detaches lifting equipment to loads or lifting devices. There are a number of different categories of riggers working in several industries. In the military, riggers are responsible for maintaining and setting up things like parachutes or airdrop equipment. In the theater industry, riggers manage pieces of a stage set, moving props and changing production scenes. Riggers in the marine industry are involved with setting up the pieces of equipment necessary to keep the ship functioning: ropes, pulleys, winches, cables. Most commonly, however, jobs are found within heavy construction, often in the oil or mining industry. This type of rigger is also referred to as a Rig Technician. In the oil industry there are several levels of Rig Technicians, ranging from motorhands to derrickhands to drillers, depending on skill level and job duties. Riggers in this industry are responsible for attaching pieces of heavy machinery, connecting the parts together and anchoring pieces to fixed structures with bolts and clamps. They also control and manage all the movement of the machinery while it is operational, and then take it all apart when the job is finished.
A Shoemaker is someone who makes, designs and repairs footwear. The original name for a Shoemaker was Cordwainer. Historically, shoes were made one shoe at a time by hand, but this has somewhat been replaced by the shoe manufacturing industry, producing shoes at a far greater rate than sole Shoemakers can. There are still Shoemakers however, that produce quality, detailed and crafted work, but they are becoming rare. Although there are few remaining Shoemakers in the world, the art of shoemaking will likely be around for quite some time, as many parts of the world still rely on Shoemakers. Also, some people still like to know that their perfectly-fitted shoes were designed and made specifically for them.
Stone cutters process or shape crude and rough pieces of rocks into desirable shape, sizes and patterns for the purpose of building and creating structures. An occupation that existed since the dawn of civilization, stone masonry was born when people began fashioning homes for themselves built with mud, straw or stone. During the Neolithic Age, people learned how to use fire and subsequently created quicklime, mortars and plasters. By using these to cement stones together, they went on to create buildings, structures and sculptures. Some of these structures are still wholly or partly standing today. It is a fact that stone masonry is as ancient as civilization itself. Throughout the ages, these impressive works of architecture and engineering of the ancient world were heavily dependent upon the work of stone masons. From the Egyptian and Mayan pyramids, to the Persian palaces and Greek temples and down to the Roman Colosseum, the significant contribution of stone masonry to these engineering marvels is plainly evident.
A quarry rock splitter does exactly what it sounds like: split or separate blocks of rough stone from a quarry mass, using a jackhammer and wedges. It is a highly specialized job that is only done in stone quarries, which are a type of open-pit mine from which rock and minerals are extracted for use as building materials. For many people the idea of a rock quarry and someone breaking stone brings up visions of the cartoon character Fred Flintstone, who famously worked at Slate Construction. The cartoon made many references to the process of splitting quarry rock, often reflected through names such as Barney Rubble, Mr. Slate, movie star Rock Quarry, and the town of Bedrock itself. The real-life job is not significantly different from the cartoon version, although equipment and technology is changing the way a Quarry Rock Splitter does the job. With the increasing popularity of stone kitchen countertops and stone flooring and the demand for aggregate, the job retains importance. Stones such as granite, limestone, marble, slate, and sandstone are extracted, and concrete and aggregate building materials are manufactured from the materials remaining after large pieces are removed. Construction quarries exist all over the world, and there are many historic quarry sites that have existed for centuries. Environmentalists have led the movement to reclaim exhausted quarries, and these are often restored. The beautiful Butchart Gardens in Victoria, B.C., Canada is an example of a quarry that has been transformed into a massive garden and tourist attraction.
A motorcycle mechanic is a small engine mechanic who specializes in motorcycle and other motorized bikes with two or three wheels including traditional and nontraditional motorcycles, scooters, dirt bikes, mopeds.
A pump operator is someone that works with stationary or portable pumps to transfer liquids and gases, as well as powdered materials in and out of vessels and processes, performs inspections and maintenance on various machinery, and troubleshoots issues with systems and processes. There are various areas where pump operators can work. Pump operator positions include pipeline operators, day light relief operators, chemical operators, pump station operators, purification operators, and tank car loaders. There are also blend technicians, cable maintainers, process operators, and utility operators. All pump operators need to obtain specific training in order to work in their chosen area.
Industrial machinery mechanics maintain and repair factory equipment and other industrial machinery such as conveying systems, production machinery, and packaging equipment. Workers must follow safety precautions and use protective equipment such as hardhats, safety glasses, and hearing protectors. Most mechanics work full time. However, they may be on call or assigned to work nights or weekends. Overtime is common.
Essentially, an architect is a designer, trained and licensed to work on the planning and design of buildings. The facets of an architect's role are as varied and fascinating as their work; these are professionals who lead the process of creating functional spaces, from concept and design to a full realization of those designs. Architecture is an art that works hand in hand with science to design places where people can live, eat, work and play. As a leader of various projects, from something as small as an addition to someone's home to something as large as a hospital, college campus, or an entire neighbourhood, the role of an architect is to bring together the creative ideas and visions of the client and keep in mind the needs of those that will be using the new space.
A wellhead pumper operates power pumps and other equipment so that gas or oil can flow from the oil well. The job is known by a number of other terms, including operations technician, rig technician, pumper and well tender. Work is performed within a strong safety culture that follows detailed and exact safety regulations. Environmental rules also must be closely followed. The pumper's job involves bringing an oil, gas, or mining product from a well up to the surface by means of pumps and compressors. The pumper starts the compressor engine and opens valves to return compressed gas to the bottom of the well. The pump depressurizes the pipe and forces oil to rise to the surface. The wellhead pumper then must monitor the flow as the product travels to make sure it is moving at the proper rate. Once the pump has brought the product to the surface, the pumper transfers it to storage tanks or trucks that move it offsite. Although the wellhead pumper has long been a traditional part of the oil and gas industry, increased use of automated storage and retrieval systems has increased productivity and lessened the need for wellhead pumpers.
A roofer is a professional who specializes in roof construction. Roofers monitor the entire process of roofing in residential as well as commercial construction. They analyze the construction plans and make sure that the roofing is done in strict accordance with the design. Roofers also determine the materials, substrates and supportive accessories to be used for roof installations. Even the specifications of the beams, trusses and rafters upon which roofs are installed are decided by roofers. Not only do they work on new installations, roofers also work on renovations and roof repair projects. As expected from the job title, roofers ususally need to climb onto rooftops to work. A roofer should therefore not be afraid of heights and should have good balance, as well as reasonable carpentry skills.
Avionics is a specialization within electronic maintenance and repair. It focuses on aircraft electronics, but encompasses a wide range of job types. An avionics technician is a specialist who is responsible for all the electronics aboard an aircraft as well as the wiring that connects to the electrical system. They run cables, mount antennas, and connect instruments for navigation and engine monitoring. Technicians install radios, autopilots, and passenger entertainment systems. The job demands attention to detail and a commitment to the very highest standards of quality workmanship because they work on flight-critical systems that impact passenger and crew safety.
Automotive service technicians and mechanics, often called service technicians, inspect, maintain, and repair cars and light trucks.
Glaziers install glass in windows, skylights, storefronts, and display cases to create distinctive designs or reduce the need for artificial lighting. As in many other construction trades, the work is physically demanding. Glaziers risk cuts from tools and glass, and falls from ladders and scaffolding. Most work full time. About 5% were self-employed in 2010.
Tile and marble setters apply hard tile, marble, and wood tiles to walls, floors, and other surfaces. Installing tile and marble is labour intensive, and workers spend much of their time bending, kneeling, and reaching. Although the occupation is not as dangerous as some other construction trades, workers still experience a high rate of injuries and illnesses.