A wellhead pumper operates power pumps and other equipment so that gas or oil can flow from the oil well. The job is known by a number of other terms, including operations technician, rig technician, pumper and well tender. Work is performed within a strong safety culture that follows detailed and exact safety regulations. Environmental rules also must be closely followed. The pumper's job involves bringing an oil, gas, or mining product from a well up to the surface by means of pumps and compressors. The pumper starts the compressor engine and opens valves to return compressed gas to the bottom of the well. The pump depressurizes the pipe and forces oil to rise to the surface. The wellhead pumper then must monitor the flow as the product travels to make sure it is moving at the proper rate. Once the pump has brought the product to the surface, the pumper transfers it to storage tanks or trucks that move it offsite. Although the wellhead pumper has long been a traditional part of the oil and gas industry, increased use of automated storage and retrieval systems has increased productivity and lessened the need for wellhead pumpers.
Boilermakers assemble, install, and repair boilers, closed vats, and other large vessels or containers that hold liquids and gases. They perform physically demanding, dangerous work. Many must travel to worksites and live away from home for long stretches of time. Most learn their trade through a formal apprenticeship program. Candidates are more likely to get into training programs if they already have welding experience and certification.
A Mine Shuttle Car Operator is part of the mine operation career area, generally working in underground mines, but sometimes in open-pit mines as well. There are many different jobs that go on inside a mine and the shuttle car operator is just one of them. Mining has a long history in most parts of the world. The shuttle car operator has been there right from the start. Many mining museums, such as the Atlas Coal Mine Historic site in Drumheller, Canada, allow visitors to get a sense of how shuttle cars were used to travel through the depths of the mine during the early days of the coal mine industry. Workers in mines face many dangers and the shuttle car operator often must travel to the farthest depths of the mine. Early mine camps were called hell's hole, not only because of the poor camp conditions, but because of the inherent danger involved in going underground. In the early days mining was hard, dirty work. It still is. Mining has always been considered a dangerous profession, and although safety has improved with new technology, mining accidents are always a concern and can happen anywhere. Car operators have been crushed between cars, had rocks or ceilings fall on them, or been electrocuted by faulty or loose cables. In 2010 the Copiapo mine in Chile provided an example of both the extremes of danger and the miracle of survival. That cave-in and subsequent near-impossible rescue of 33 miners after 69 days serves as a testament to the unique and resilient nature of the people who choose to work far below the earth. Modern mining has advanced and changed, but the hardy, brave and durable nature of the people who choose this profession has not.
The term "rigger" originated in the days of sailing ships when sailors were responsible for raising and maintaining a complex system of sails and rigging. In modern usage, it generally refers to someone who sets equipment up and prepares it for use. According to the U.S. legal worker definition, a rigger is anyone who attaches or detaches lifting equipment to loads or lifting devices. There are a number of different categories of riggers working in several industries. In the military, riggers are responsible for maintaining and setting up things like parachutes or airdrop equipment. In the theater industry, riggers manage pieces of a stage set, moving props and changing production scenes. Riggers in the marine industry are involved with setting up the pieces of equipment necessary to keep the ship functioning: ropes, pulleys, winches, cables. Most commonly, however, jobs are found within heavy construction, often in the oil or mining industry. This type of rigger is also referred to as a Rig Technician. In the oil industry there are several levels of Rig Technicians, ranging from motorhands to derrickhands to drillers, depending on skill level and job duties. Riggers in this industry are responsible for attaching pieces of heavy machinery, connecting the parts together and anchoring pieces to fixed structures with bolts and clamps. They also control and manage all the movement of the machinery while it is operational, and then take it all apart when the job is finished.
One occupation that many people are becoming increasingly interested in pursuing is in the water transportation field. In particular, the need for ship loaders is increasing at an impressive rate, and once the minimum requirements are met, ship loading can be a very rewarding occupation. A ship loader is an individual who is responsible for loading and unloading ships, maintaining the ship, and spending multiple hours, days or weeks aboard these vessels. This occupation varies quite a bit based on what kind of work is required and what types of distances are being transversed. For example, a cargo loader who specializes going up and down a local river might only be gone for a few hours while a ship loader transporting goods to from country to country may be out-of-town for days or even weeks. The work is also often seasonal due to the fact that it is quite a bit more difficult to transfer goods via waterways during winter.
Electricians are tradesmen whose responsibilities are to design, install, maintain and troubleshoot electrical wiring systems. These systems can be located in homes, commercial or industrial buildings, and even machines and large pieces of equipment. Electricians work either inside or outside to make possible the use of lights, televisions, industrial equipment, appliances and many other items essential to life.
Plasterers apply coats of plaster or stucco to walls, ceilings, or partitions for functional and decorative purposes. Some workers apply ornamental plaster. The vast majority of plasterers are employed in the specialty trade contractors industry. About 53% are employed in the drywall and insulation contractors industry, while 15% are employed in the masonry contractors industry. An additional 11% are self-employed.
Stone cutters process or shape crude and rough pieces of rocks into desirable shape, sizes and patterns for the purpose of building and creating structures. An occupation that existed since the dawn of civilization, stone masonry was born when people began fashioning homes for themselves built with mud, straw or stone. During the Neolithic Age, people learned how to use fire and subsequently created quicklime, mortars and plasters. By using these to cement stones together, they went on to create buildings, structures and sculptures. Some of these structures are still wholly or partly standing today. It is a fact that stone masonry is as ancient as civilization itself. Throughout the ages, these impressive works of architecture and engineering of the ancient world were heavily dependent upon the work of stone masons. From the Egyptian and Mayan pyramids, to the Persian palaces and Greek temples and down to the Roman Colosseum, the significant contribution of stone masonry to these engineering marvels is plainly evident.
A professional who practises forestry, the science of managing forests, is called a forester. Foresters are involved in a large range of activities covering ecological restoration, timber harvesting and day-to-day management of protected areas. They look after regular activities in the forests including conservation, outdoor recreation, extraction of raw materials, aesthetics and hunting. With gradual rise in global pollution over the years, ensuring carbon sequestration, air quality and maintaining a proper biodiversity have all come under the jurisdiction of foresters.
Recreational vehicle service technicians inspect, service, and repair motorized power equipment. They generally work in well-ventilated and noisy repair shops. They sometimes make onsite repair calls, which may require working in poor weather conditions. Although most work full time during regular business hours, seasonal work hours often fluctuate. Workers are often busiest during the spring and summer, when use of the vehicles is the highest.
Petroleum, or oil, has been utilized since prehistoric times to provide warmth and light, in warfare, and for medicinal purposes. It is an essential resource which is used daily in most parts of the world. A petroleum pump system operator oversees petroleum refining and processing. Both the manifold and the pumping system will be controlled, governing the circulation of liquid materials through a refinery.
A Shoemaker is someone who makes, designs and repairs footwear. The original name for a Shoemaker was Cordwainer. Historically, shoes were made one shoe at a time by hand, but this has somewhat been replaced by the shoe manufacturing industry, producing shoes at a far greater rate than sole Shoemakers can. There are still Shoemakers however, that produce quality, detailed and crafted work, but they are becoming rare. Although there are few remaining Shoemakers in the world, the art of shoemaking will likely be around for quite some time, as many parts of the world still rely on Shoemakers. Also, some people still like to know that their perfectly-fitted shoes were designed and made specifically for them.
Energy auditors, also known as energy raters, are specialized consultants who help improve the energy efficiency of structures of all sizes. Energy auditors can work on the residential level or the commercial level, plying their trade for homeowners and business owners alike. As part of the “green" energy business sector, careers as energy raters present ample opportunities for advancement over the coming decade. As a matter of fact, a large number of energy industry analysts anticipate that the alternative energy sector will continue to expand at a much faster pace than expected. Energy consumers as a whole are becoming increasingly environmentally conscious, which has created a comfortable niche market in which energy auditors can earn a living. A bigger driving factor in the business of energy auditing is the rising cost of energy, primarily residential electricity costs. Similar to the average price of gas, the price of electricity has been on an upward trajectory for the last few decades. Energy raters and auditors provide clients with actionable, real-world advice that can save hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars annually. Providing individuals and businesses with a means of reducing the cost of energy is the hallmark quality of energy auditors around the world.
As the name suggests, a precious metal worker deals with precious metals such as gold, silver and platinum, and objects made from those metals. Precious metal workers are found in many industries, including jewelry, antique restoration, furniture production, mining and blacksmithing. They also perform a diverse array of tasks within each profession.
A sheet metal worker is a skilled tradesman who creates, installs, and repairs sheet metal products. Most commonly these products include elements of heating, cooling, and ventilation systems, though metal workers also fabricate and repair products for drainage and roofing applications. Some sheet metal workers are skilled tradesmen, while others work on assembly lines performing less skilled tasks of metal assembly.
Crane operators use machinery to transport various objects. Some operators move construction materials around building sites or earth around a mine. Others move goods around a warehouse or onto and off of container ships. Crane operators work full time and have eight-hour shifts, although longer shifts and overtime are common.
Construction painters apply paint, stain, and coatings to walls, buildings, bridges, and other structures.
Machining is the process of creating or changing parts that are made primarily of metal, and less frequently, of plastic or wood. It may be accomplished by cutting, grinding, drilling, lathing, polishing and other technological processes that are performed to remove excess metal and shape the part. Machinists are individuals who use machinery tools to fabricate parts according to the parameters specified in blueprints, also known as technical drawings. They generally work with materials such as steel, brass, aluminium, copper and sometimes glass, plastic or wood. Machinists have to be proficient in using various machinery equipment because the making of a part frequently requires more than one technological process and tool. Most machinery tools are electrically powered equipment, but several hand tools may also be used occasionally. Machinists are essential workers in industries or fields where replacement parts are frequently needed, especially in emergency situations when the operation of equipment depends on the availability of a specific part.
A machine feeder adds chemicals, materials, or ingredients to a machine or equipment during the manufacturing process. These workers work with all different types of materials in the production process. They may add materials and ingredients by hand or through a machine device. Depending on the type of material being processed or manufactured, employees use different devices to add ingredients and materials to the machinery.
Tile and marble setters apply hard tile, marble, and wood tiles to walls, floors, and other surfaces. Installing tile and marble is labour intensive, and workers spend much of their time bending, kneeling, and reaching. Although the occupation is not as dangerous as some other construction trades, workers still experience a high rate of injuries and illnesses.