Soil and plant scientists work in the agricultural field studying the different compositions of soil and the effect they have on plant life, crops, and the national food supply. Some soil and plant scientists work directly in the field, while others work in test kitchens developing new ways to process foods. By studying the characteristics of yielding crops, how they grow in different soils, how to control pests, and the general chemical, biological, and physical makeup of the ground and plants, soil and plant scientists work to increase the national production of food as the need and population grows.
Agriculture is the branch of economy that feeds the population of a country. Agricultural products provide food, clothing and other materials used in various industries. Since agricultural practices have become more advanced and technologically efficient, multiple regulations have been implemented by the government to ensure public health and food safety. For example, growing grains, fruits and vegetables has become more effective through the use of fertilizers. However, their usage is strictly regulated by appropriate authorities because a high amount of fertilizer may negatively affect the quality of the grown product. Farmers may also use pesticides and herbicides to prevent other unnecessary plants or harmful insects from damaging plantations and affecting crops. However, over use of pesticides may result in a certain degree of toxicity for the plant, which may translate in to health damage for the final consumer. The job of an agricultural inspector is to evaluate and monitor that agricultural practice follows state and federal regulations regarding food safety and public health. They inspect and quantify the amount of fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides used in plantations or farms and compare it with the reference values allowed by authorities. Agricultural inspectors indirectly represent the interests of the consumers because they inspect agricultural plantations, farms or processing plants for proper measures of hygiene, chemical use and storage conditions. They are the first line of battle against toxic compounds used in the food industry and improper processing procedures that result in low food quality. Agricultural inspectors represent the government and the state in their relationship with farmers and agricultural entrepreneurs, and their role is to prevent the deterioration of product quality due to improper procedures used in growth and production. If a plantation, farm or processing plant is deemed unsafe for public health, agricultural inspectors have the authority to recommend the closing of such facilities through a thoroughly elaborated report in which their findings are detailed.
A dairy farmer is the owner or manager of a farm where cows are raised for the production of milk and other dairy products. These farmers are involved in a wide range of activities for the purpose of increasing milk production. Milk which is produced on these farms is sold commercially to regional dairy companies for pasteurization and processing.
Agricultural workers maintain the quality of farms, crops, and livestock by operating machinery and doing physical labor under the supervision of agricultural managers. They typically work outdoors. Some work primarily with crops and vegetables. Others handle livestock. They generally receive on-the-job training.
As modern farms have grown in size, their need for complex machines capable of working hundreds of acres has grown as well. No longer working with just a simple till, modern farmers employ multiple tractors, each equipped with up to four hundred horse-powered engines. Along with large tractors, there are other expensive, complex machines like irrigation systems, combines, hay balers and many more. Farm equipment mechanics are highly skilled and trained technicians who are called in by farmers and farm equipment dealers to perform repairs and regular maintenance on these large and expensive pieces of machinery.
An agriculture and food science technician works within all areas of food production. A scientist in this field will study and work to improve the processes and breeding for livestock as well as improving the yield and quality of agricultural output. These types of scientists will assist with animal breeding and find ways to prevent and cure illnesses in all manner of livestock. They will also help to develop packaging, quality control, and the technology used to produce and transport the food eaten by millions of people. A scientist in this field can expect to work in a lab or out of doors on farms or wildlife areas.
Farmers are individuals who work in the agricultural industry in a varied selection of areas within the industry. There are several kinds of farmers ranging from farmers who raise animals to farmers who grow crops. No matter the area of the agricultural industry, a farmer's main goal is to raise a good crop and help to provide a large amount of goods for the world. Farmers are responsible for all of our organic crops that we need to survive. Without food, the world would slowly die, and farmers work hard every day to keep plenty of crops and animal products in the market to keep that from happening.
In the wake of growing interest in a green economy and the rejection of fossil fuels, new “green” occupations are growing. A person passionate about the environment is perfectly suited to the management and production of biofuels. Biofuels are alternative fuels extracted from plants or treated municipal and industrial waste, also referred to as biomass. A biofuels production manager is responsible for overseeing the manufacture of biofuels, including facility management, budget implementation, and quality assurance controls. The job entails the ability to work well with others, as well as the ability to supervise and manage people throughout the biofuel manufacturing process.