A lawyer is a professional person authorized to practice law, provide legal counsel and conduct lawsuits for a person or entity. The exact terminology for the word "Lawyer" varies throughout world. Attorney, counsel, barrister or solicitor depending on the place are all names given to lawyers. The origin of the profession dates back to ancient Greece, when orators spoke on behalf of friends or citizens at their request. Although they acted as legal counsel, according to Athenian law, orators could not be paid for their services, nor could they organize themselves as a legal profession. The earliest lawyers in ancient Rome, around 204 BC, received payment for their services when Emperor Claudius legalized the profession and lifted the ban on fees.
Paralegals do a variety of tasks to support lawyers, including maintaining and organizing files, conducting legal research, and drafting documents. Paralegals are found in all types of organizations, but most work for law firms, corporate legal departments, or government agencies. They usually work full time, and overtime is sometimes needed to meet important deadlines.
A legal secretary plays a crucial role in the everyday workings of a law office. These are the people who take on the seemingly unimportant day-to-day clerical tasks that are in fact the keys to any law office's success. Legal secretaries are also sometimes referred to as legal assistants, executive assistants or administrative assistants. It is not uncommon for the most experienced and high performing legal secretaries to go on to be promoted to paralegal positions within a law firm.
A customs inspector works in law enforcement, enforcing the laws that governs imports and exports. They inspect those entering and exiting the border. They work to ensure security against terrorists and terrorist acts, inspect travelers for citizenship and passports, and enforce the trade regulations through local, state, city, and country law enforcement officials.
A judicial law clerk, also commonly known simply as a law clerk, is a prestigious job. In general, judicial law clerks provide assistance to a judge in many different capacities. Despite the title of clerk, a law clerk's duties don't normally include the typical duties of other types of clerk including filing, typing and making copies. Instead, judicial law clerks work as an assistant to a judge and help that judge make good legal decisions based on law. The way law clerks help judges make this decision is by researching and analyzing complex legal issues and overseeing the actions of courtroom employees, litigants and the public that may have an interest in the case.
Police officers are employees of a law enforcement agency in their country, region, or city. Often called policemen, policewomen, or constables, police officers swear an oath to protect and serve the citizens they represent. They are warranted by the government to enforce the law by arresting criminals and detecting and preventing crimes. Because keeping the peace is a primary need of society, police officers have been around since civilization began. They are usually viewed as heroes within their communities due to the often dangerous situations they encounter in service to the public.
Judges apply the law to court cases and oversee the legal process in courts. They also resolve administrative disputes and facilitate negotiations between opposing parties. Most judges are employed in the various levels of government. Most work in courts, and the majority work full time.
Anyone who has ever signed a mobile-phone or other consumer contract, a lease or an employment agreement has probably seen in the contract's fine print a provision known as an "arbitration clause." This widely used legal covenant requires that in the case of a dispute between the parties, the arbitration process be used to resolve their differences. In these situations, both sides to the dispute rely on an arbitrator, also known as a "neutral," for an informed, unbiased resolution. Arbitration is an alternative to filing a lawsuit, and the neutral plays a critical role in settling disagreements. Instead of appearing before a judge in a courtroom, the opposing parties present their case to the arbitrator, whose decision is often final and, only in certain circumstances, cannot be appealed. Arbitration is used instead of courtroom proceedings because it is often quicker, less time consuming and not as costly. In addition to consumer disputes, commercial and real-estate controversies are often handled through the arbitration process. Arbitration is also frequently used to resolve family conflicts such as divorces because it can be cost effective and offers a degree of privacy, since it is not a part of the public record. Online dispute resolution (ODR) is a relatively new form of arbitration. By using computers and specially developed software, the parties can file an initial dispute, find and appoint a neutral, produce evidence and even participate in hearings online. ODR significantly extends the geographic boundaries in which a neutral can work.
Bailiffs in the United States are peace officers of the court providing security for judges, juries, plaintiffs and defendants. They can be various types of correctional officers such as a deputy, marshal, or constable. Their duties can vary depending on what court they are in and even by state regulations. The position of a bailiff is long-standing in history. It was a title of power and dignity, as a protector and minor court official. They had power in medieval England where they were the lord of the manor's protector. These "bailiffs of manors" were more than muscle, they were rent and fine collectors and had estate lands and buildings to oversee. Bailiffs back in those days were fine collectors, writ executors, and process servers as well as the court protection.
A hearing officer is also known as an administrative law judge. These officers work within the government to decide cases through different agencies. The cases can be on different matters with disputes between different agencies, or the public. The officer is government appointed to preside over agency investigations and hearings so that the agencies can exercise their powers through the court system. They often preside over ruling decisions that were made by agencies and disputed, such as in insurance and disability cases. The hearing officers may also preside in the federal jurisdiction for governmental cases.