Military operations or drills require excellent communication between military units, higher ranking decision makers, and sometimes government officials. During a mission or a training drill, there may be several units involved in the operation. Moreover, sometimes, units or components from different military branches operate together to accomplish their mission. This is especially true of large-scale military operations that require excellent communication and coordination support to ensure a successful outcome. Command and control center specialists work in command centers where all communication is relayed and analyzed by highly trained military staff who integrate various pieces of information into the big picture of the military operation or training drill. It is a very demanding job due to the enormous amount of incoming data that must be sorted according to its importance, relevance and priority to ensure that proper decisions are made by high ranking military officials on time. Command and control center specialists have the responsibility of maintaining clear communication between units, components and task forces, and coordinating their activities on a higher scale. They must analyze the incoming information quickly and effectively, and transmit it to military decision-makers who will decide on the best course of action. A large-scale military operation may be conducted by air force components, naval and ground elements, which requires tight coordination and supervision. Because units are frequently located at considerable distances, all communication is relayed to specialized command and control centers where data is analyzed, prioritized and filtered to allow for the most effective allocation of military resources at any given moment. For example, when several units request air support for their ground troops, command and control specialists must analyze the information, make sure they understand the urgency of each request and prioritize the data to make sure that air force elements will first respond where they are needed the most. At the same time, this information will be sent to troop commanders who will analyze the battlefield situation and decide how to allocate their military resources. Command and control specialists also operate and maintain advanced communication equipment, weapon systems, air control equipment, radar systems and other advanced detection and data transmission equipment.
Field artillery units are essential components of military ground forces, and their role is to project cannon, rocket or missile fire on enemy positions or destroy military installations, including enemy artillery batteries that threaten friendly infantry units. Artillery pieces are also found aboard naval ships, and their purpose is to inflict damage to enemy naval vessels or coastal enemy positions, or to provide suppressive fire during naval infantry operations. However, the Army and the Marine Corps are the branches that are traditionally associated with artillery batteries. An artillery gun piece such as a howitzer, a rocket launcher or a surface-to-surface missile launcher is manned by an artillery crew that may consists of up to five members. The howitzer cannon is the classical example of an artillery weapon that requires a crew for its operation. Artillery crew members may perform various tasks such as operating transport vehicles, setting the howitzer at its location, inputting target coordinates into the gun settings, loading the howitzer with ammunition, and firing on enemy positions according to received coordinates. Artillery crew members are enlisted soldiers or marines. Currently, this position is closed to female personnel. The operation of an artillery howitzer is a complex task that requires several components that need to be integrated. The crew of a howitzer usually does not see the enemy position on which they execute artillery fire. The artillery pieces are organized in batteries, that are located deep behind infantry positions. Forward observers are the ones who actually visualize the target and relay target coordinates to a fire control center, which transforms the data and computes gun parameters that are introduced by artillery crew members into howitzer settings. The artillery crew also receives permanent feedback that allows them to adjust the fire according to the input received by the forward observer. After coordinates are received and transformed into gun settings, the howitzer is loaded with ammunition and fire is executed. It may take up to five crew members to ensure a smooth operation of a howitzer, but in crisis situations, fewer crew members may operate the artillery piece.
Tactics are the means of promoting a desired end result. In an army, a tactical operations leader is a platoon leader. A platoon is generally the smallest military unit and can consist of 26 to 50 soldiers. It is led by an officer who is usually a lieutenant. In special units such as special forces, the platoon leader is a captain due to the increased responsibility of the position. A platoon sergeant provides assistance to a tactical operations leader. The tactical operations leader usually has a comparative wealth of experience, and should be heeded to unless there is good reason to act otherwise. Most of the time, new tactical operations leaders have good sergeants. In addition to the leader, there are normally 42 soldiers in a platoon in the U.S. army, 24 in the Australian army and 27 in the British army. Tactics are of critical important before, during, and after a battle. Good tactics before and during a battle give soldiers a critical edge while poor tactics cost lives. Good tactics after a battle can prevent an effective counter-attack by the enemy, or prevent enemy soldiers being missed. Tactical doctrine varies between nations. A democratic government is more likely to wish its soldiers to survive, as dead soldiers constitute bad public relations. The mother, father, and siblings of a dead soldier can cause a government considerable problems. In a more oppressive nation, the survival of the state is more important than that of an individual. A platoon is divided into headquarters and three or four squads/sections. Headquarters consists of the leader, his sergeant, a radio operator, and some runners.
A job as a remote sensing technician is a military position that involves collecting intelligence on ally and enemy operations in dangerous and inaccessible areas. This position is a part of the military intelligence branch of the military. This information is gathered from satellites and high altitude airplanes. The art of this information is that it would otherwise be inaccessible were it not for advancements in technology. Most of the areas that data is collected for are dangerous or obscure. Remote sensing specialists work to help scientists in divisions like military planning and incorporate mapmaking and cartography skills in order to evaluate the data that they collect.
An infantry soldier is trained in combat skills and arms within an armed service, and forms the backbone of any modern military capability. Soldiers see service in all types of roles throughout the world, in peacetime, peacekeeping and warlike activities. The job is physically demanding and often involves operating within high-stress and dangerous environments. Serving in the armed forces can be a challenging, exciting and rewarding career. While it may not be for everyone, serving as an infantry soldier will provide an experience unequalled in civilian employment. With a career such as this, it is worthwhile to do some research and check with serving or ex-serving members to gain a better understanding of the role, its commitment, and the risks involved.
The Navy is an important component of the national defence of a country as it provides projection of force and security at sea, and it is the military branch that is responsible for maritime operations. Several countries, including the United States, operate and maintain a fleet of aircraft carriers, which are large naval vessels that are capable of mobile naval airborne operations. Aircraft carriers are the pride of the Navy, since they are capable of projecting a mobile air force almost anywhere in the world. Up to 30 fighter aircraft can be stationed on an aircraft carrier, and they can be launched anytime during a crisis situation in any maritime environment. However, because the launch and landing space is limited on an aircraft carrier, it is equipped with advanced launch and recovery gear, which are operated, maintained and repaired by aircraft launch and recovery specialists. This is a very important position aboard a naval aircraft carrier since the safety and speed of airborne naval operations directly depend on the ability of aircraft launch and recovery specialists to operate launching equipment such as catapults, and recovery equipment, also called arresting gear. Aircraft launch and recovery specialists are usually enlisted personnel, and no prior job experience is necessary since the Navy provides comprehensive job training aboard ships and possibly at naval bases. However, physical endurance, attention to detail and mission focus are required for a successful completion of training and accomplishment of military job tasks. Enlisted men or women may be supervised by deck officers who ensure that launch and recovery operations are performed by maintaining proper standards of safety, speed and efficiency.
An air weapons specialist evaluates, installs, tests, and maintains the wide variety of systems used in aerial weapons. They make sure that when a pilot pulls a trigger, it is right on target and without fail.
Special forces refers to the branch of an army comprised of highly trained individuals who perform missions that are usually unconventional and risky. These soldiers will be the best trained in an army, generally have superior equipment, and are often recognized as an army within an army. Lieutenants and captains are eligible for selection as special forces officers. Language training is encouraged, and language ability is a primary criterion for selection. In the United States, special forces officers must be able to speak at least one foreign language. They may work with any number of individuals from other cultures, so cultural awareness is being increasingly fostered. Often, the presence of foreign soldiers in countries is resented, and cultural insensitivity can have a great and negative effect on operations.
A crew member of an armored assault vehicle is a very important military position. It is a tremendous responsibility and goes hand in hand with the big decision to join the military and devote oneself to service and protection of the people. Holding a career in the military requires self-discipline, obedience, cooperation, and excellent physical condition. Armored assault vehicles are often dispatched all over the world, even in times of peace. They are prepared for combat at any time should it arise, and are ready to defend their country anywhere in the world.
A frequency specialist is a demanding and challenging position that is part of the communications technology career path in the military. This is an enlisted service position that involves working with telecommunications equipment in order to gather and communicate information. Relaying information among air and ground troops is an important aspect of military security, and specialists are needed in order to collect, organize, and interpret intelligence regarding the welfare of aircraft and weapons. Radio specialists are dispatched all over the world at various secure locations during both peacetime and war. Holding a position in the military can be very rewarding and teaches valuable skills such as discipline, leadership, and teamwork.
Air crew officers are highly trained and highly experienced professional aviators who are responsible for safely and efficiently operating an aircraft. Air crew officers, also known as flight crew, are highly trained and highly experienced professional aviators who are responsible for safely and efficiently operating an aircraft. Essentially, air crew officers fall into two broad categories: civilian-level officers or military flight officers. More commonly, air crew officers are known to the general public as pilots and co-pilots. Other interchangeable job titles for flight crew officers include commercial aviator, charter aviator, and airline pilots. Regardless of the actual job title, air crew officers must perform a wide array of pre-flight, mid-flight, and post-flight duties.
Special forces emerged in the 20th century, with considerable growth in the field during the Second World War. However as early as the 11th century, Chinese strategist Lü Shang spoke of the recruitment of highly talented and motivated men to elite units. Special forces refers to the branch of an army comprised of highly trained individuals who perform missions that are usually unconventional and risky. These soldiers will be the best trained in an army, generally have superior equipment, and are often recognized as an army within an army. Lieutenants and captains are eligible for selection as special forces officers. Language training is encouraged, and language ability is a primary criterion for selection. In the United States, special forces officers must be able to speak at least one foreign language. They may work with any number of individuals from other cultures, so cultural awareness is being increasingly fostered. Often, the presence of foreign soldiers in countries is resented, and cultural insensitivity can have a great and negative effect on operations.