A person in the field of biostatistics is someone who uses or applies mathematics and statistics to varying categories in biology. They design biological experiments primarily in the field of agriculture and medicine; collect, dissect, and summarize the data; and release information based on the findings of that data. They are a critical addition to any research team and are often involved in the writing of papers on groundbreaking topics and research. They work on methods in applied and theoretical statistics in order to advance the science of data analysis beyond current levels. Anytime statistics, like “75% of people who smoke develop lung cancer," are heard, one can be sure that the hard work of a biostatistics personnel was behind it. These highly trained and educated people analyze and study the determining factors that impact the health and well-being of people, plants, and animals in order to arrive at conclusions about disorders, disease, or other health risks. With this information a biostatistics professional can study the effects of various treatments based on the findings and numbers of the analysis.
An important and necessary job that many people never think about is that of an embalmer, also known as mortician and undertaker. The name may bring up visions of a dank and creepy morgue filled with stereotypical dark characters. The vision is highly inaccurate, however. Those who work in this industry are skilled, dedicated and caring individuals who see their profession as a way to treat the deceased and their families with dignity and respect. In recent years several reality shows have given television viewers an honest look at what it is like to run a funeral home. They are often a family-run business, carried on for many generations. Embalming is considered an art and a science, and it is a highly respected profession. Although the practice of embalming goes back to ancient Egypt, it became more popular in America after the Civil War. Not only did people want to have a last look at their loved ones before burial, modern notions of health and sanitation viewed embalming as important to community health. During the past 30 years embalming has become common in most countries. The funeral industry itself has grown and is now a necessary and lucrative part of modern society around the world. Embalming practices differ according to culture, although regulations in many countries involve specific requirements that must be followed regardless of culture.
Atmospheric scientists study weather, climate, and other aspects of the atmosphere. They develop reports and forecasts from their analysis of weather and climate data. Most atmospheric scientists work indoors in weather stations, offices, or laboratories. Occasionally, they do fieldwork, which means working outdoors to examine the weather. Some atmospheric scientists may have to work extended hours during weather emergencies.
Forensic science technicians help investigate crimes by collecting and analyzing physical evidence. Most technicians specialize in either crime scene investigation or laboratory analysis. Crime scene investigators may work long hours under distressing conditions. Most laboratory forensic science technicians work full time during normal business hours.
Chemists are scientists who research and experiment with the properties of chemical substances. They measure the effects of chemical compounds in various situations and study inter-chemical reactions. Chemists, usually working as part of a larger research team, create useful compounds for use in a wide variety of practical applications. Almost every industry benefits from the theories and chemical compounds brought about by research in the chemical sciences. Chemists also work to improve the quality of established chemical products and utilize advanced computer programs to establish new technologies in the field.
Geographers study the earth and its land, features, and inhabitants. They also examine phenomena such as political or cultural structures as they relate to geography. They study the physical or human geographic characteristics or both of a region, ranging in scale from local to global. Most geographers work for the federal government. Many geographers work full time during regular business hours. Some do fieldwork, which may include travel to foreign countries or remote locations.
Geology is a study that encompasses all the materials that make up the earth, forces that act upon the earth, and of the biology of ancestral inhabitants based on the fossil record. Geologists work to understand the history of the planet we live on, to better predict the future and explain current occurrences. Geologists study Earth processes such as earthquakes, landslides, floods, and volcanic eruptions to survey land and draw up safe building plans. When geologists investigate Earth materials, not only do they investigate metals and minerals, but they also look into oil, natural gas, water and methods to extract these. Overall, geology is concerned with the changes of Earth over time, such as climate change and land formation.
Natural sciences managers work closely with a team of scientists or research professionals to meet deadlines in the industries of product development and scientific research. They are in charge of hiring subordinates to work in laboratories, industrial plants, and other workplaces where research professionals are required. Managers have strong backgrounds and degrees in life sciences and possess high levels of integrity and experience in their chosen fields.
Hydrologists study water and the water cycle. They use their expertise to solve problems in the areas of water quality or availability. Hydrologists work in the field and in offices and laboratories.
A biologist is a scientist who studies life, specifically organisms and their relationship to their environment. Generally speaking, biologists study humans, animals and bacteria to gain a better understanding of how the body works and how external factors influence each organism. Biologists are science-minded individuals with a passion for their jobs.
A geospatial scientist is someone who uses various computer software programs and tools such as geographic information systems, global positioning systems (GPS), and other remote aerial technology sensors to gather geographic information. This helps them determine the best way to use the geographic physical space in which people exist. Geospatial scientists also study and analyze how people utilize the physical space around them. They may for example study the spaces that exist between two cities, towns, neighborhoods, or even streets. They then measure and study how the usage of this space changes over time, which helps them determine how things like population, weather and climate conditions, and resources affected these changes. The work of a geospatial scientist allows them to make decisions as to the best place to put a new school, daycare center, hospital, or bridge. By helping, many companies find the best and most efficient ways to use the world’s natural resources. This career is of growing importance to the Greenpeace initiative. A geospatial scientist literally helps to shape the city, state, country, and world in which people live.
Archeologists study the origin, development, and behaviour of human beings, past and present. They examine the cultures, languages, archeological remains, and physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world.
A biochemical engineer is responsible for the development of new chemical products that can be used by a multitude of companies and individuals. They are responsible for the research, development, documentation, and production of products derived from a combination of organic and lab-made materials that can benefits people and society at large. These individuals are responsible for the research and development of organic and lab-made products that can benefit society at large. These products stretch across every aspect of society. Items created can be agricultural chemicals, used to treat and develop foods for public consumption. They can be petroleum-based products, such as oils, plastics, paints, or other resins. They can be fibrous products, such as papers or textiles. They can be cleaning products, either detergents and soaps or perfumes and cosmetics. Indeed, most of the products that people come into contact with on an everyday basis are developed via biochemical engineering processes.
A person who practices materials science is one who studies and analyzes the chemical properties and structure of different man-made and natural materials. Glass, rubber, ceramic, alloys, polymers, and metals are all studied and investigated to learn or gain new knowledge. They then take this knowledge and devise ways to strengthen existing materials, combine particular materials, or create brand new materials with certain properties and characteristics for use in different applications and products. By experimenting with various materials and chemicals, these scientists can determine how new materials can best serve and improve humanity. Materials science professionals have created many of the items that people use today such as shoes, soap, canisters, containers, makeup, packaging materials, and so on. The main goal of someone practicing materials science is to study and understand old materials in order to create new material with improved characteristics.
A histotechnologist, known as a HLT, is part of a medical laboratory team that works with human, animal or plant specimens to diagnosis disease and abnormalities. Their main function is to prepare tissue samples for analysis. This is a complex process and involves putting the specimen through a variety of preparatory steps. These steps include staining, processing, trimming, and other techniques that require a specific skill set. To achieve accurate testing, the HLT must have the skills and training to perform complex scientific testing. The HLT may also do some analysis on his or her own.
Sociologists study society and social behaviour by examining the groups, cultures, organizations, social institutions, and processes that people develop. Most sociologists work in research organizations, colleges and universities, regional and federal government, and consulting service firms. They typically work full time during regular business hours. Most sociology positions require a master’s degree or Ph.D.
Molecular biology is a field of science that explores and studies the structures and functions of cells on a molecular level. Experts in molecular biology must be proficient in numerous subjects and sciences before they can effectively conduct research or academic activity in their field. It is presumed that all cell functions, which are incredibly complex and incompletely understood, take place on a molecular level. This means that the sophisticated interconnection and cooperation of biological molecules is what makes life possible, which is an intriguing subject that puzzles molecular biologists and motivates them to discover the secrets of cells. A molecular biologist is a highly intelligent individual that is preoccupied with exploring, understanding or teaching the concepts behind cellular structure and function on a molecular level. Cells are made of highly sophisticated structures called cellular organelles, which include the nucleus, the endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, the Golgi apparatus and many more. Each of these organelles performs a particular function. However, unlike parts in a car, the functions of each cellular component are not clear-cut, and there is a high degree of dependency and overlap between their functions. Experts in molecular biology dedicate their life to deciphering these complex functions and exploring the biological laws governing the operation of each cellular component. Moreover, cellular organelles are further composed of complex biological molecules such as the DNA, the RNA, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates, and many possible combinations among them. The task of a molecular biologist is to develop an understanding of how biological molecules come together to function as organelles, and ultimately as cells performing a particular function within the body.
Industrial-Organizational psychology is an area of psychology that focuses on studying people in their working environment. The role can also involve focusing on workplace dynamics and organizational structures. Through the use of industrial-organizational psychologists, work places can improve the success of their organization. Industrial-organizational psychology first began in the earlier 20th century when it was found that troops returning from World War I needed therapy to regain morale. It wasn't until after World War II that the field really grew, and as the 20th century progressed the use of a industrial-organizational psychologist in the work place became more common. Industrial-organizational psychologists typically work either within an organization, or in the academic field. For industrial-organizational psychologists who have gained considerable experience, consulting opportunities are available. Those who work as an industrial-organizational psychologist can expect to spend a lot of time working with statistics. As developing initiatives on behalf of businesses depends on science-based research, the industrial-organizational psychology relies heavily on working with large numbers.
An archivist is essentially one who assesses whether a given piece of information is of value, and if the piece is determined to be of value, maintains and stores the information in the appropriate manner. Determining whether information is of value varies a great deal depending upon the purpose of the archives being collected. The information that is being examined and maintained can take on any number of forms including documents, letters, photographs, audio recordings and videos. Beyond maintaining the records, an archivist must also ensure that the information is preserved in such a way that it is able to be found, and once found, be understandable.
An astronomer is generally described as a scientist who focuses primarily on the study of outer space, which includes the stars, the planets and the galaxies. In ancient times, it was described almost as a study of the unknown, as people were curious about what was in the sky and wanted answers for what they considered phenomena. Despite scientific advances, there is still a certain sense of mystery to what is in the skies above us, and astronomers focus on research that both allows us to analyze the stars and planets as well as letting us determine how they can help various causes on our planets as well.