Shipmates, also known as merchant mariners, are professional seamen who operate and maintain ships of all sizes. The typical deep-sea ship's crew consists of three different ship officers: the first mate, the second mate, and the third mate. Each ship officer's job duties increase in importance with the first mate having the most responsibilities of the three shipmates. Shipmates occasionally work on freshwater vessels as well. These boats that sail on fresh bodies of water such as large lakes typically have a much smaller crew. Often, only a single merchant marine will handle all of the job responsibilities usually handled by the three shipmates. The smaller size of most freshwater vessels makes this job possible. Merchant mariners, contrary to popular misconception, are highly trained professionals who dedicate long hours and perform the arduous day-to-day tasks of operating seagoing and freshwater ships. These professional civilian sailors may ferry people or massive amounts of cargo such as raw fuels, metals, and other commodities from country to country. Indeed, without the work of merchant mariners, the entire global commodities market would not function as efficiently.
Sheriffs protect lives and property. They gather facts and collect evidence of possible crimes. Their duties depend on the size and type of their organizations. A sheriff’s work can be physically demanding, stressful, and dangerous. Police officers, in general, have one of the highest rates of on-the-job injuries and fatalities.
Mail Superintendents are the head of a postal service. They carry out functions such as directing and coordinating the operational activities within the postal service. Their role also requires that they oversee the administrative, management and supportive services within the postal services system of their state or country. They are responsible for coordinating workers' activities within an assigned post office, and seeing to the overall smooth operation of the entity.
Security guards patrol and inspect property against fire, theft, vandalism, terrorism, and illegal activity. They monitor people and buildings in an effort to prevent crime.
Postal service workers sell postal products and collect, sort, and deliver mail. They include such positions as clerks and mail sorters, mail carriers, processors, and processing machine operators
An Electronic Equipment Assembler, also known as a fabricator, mounts, connects, assembles and secures parts and components of electronic equipment. The assembler works behind the scenes to bring together the pieces of equipment we use every day, such as computers, electronic devices, toys and engines. A wide range of electronics are involved: computer circuit boards, transmitters, receivers, medical equipment, measuring devices, and automotive mechanisms. Opening up the inside of a home computer provides a sense of the complexity of the job. A computer motherboard, for example, is a small circuit board that consists of dozens and dozens of individual components: resisters, transistors, wires, connectors, CPU sockets, battery connectors, and power connectors, just to mention a few. All of these tiny parts need to be fixed to the board and connected in order for the computer to function. Many large manufacturers outsource things like circuit boards to companies in China and India. However, these pre-assembled components still must be put together manually. With new technological advancements requiring smaller and smaller micro electronics, mass production technology has become more automated. Changes in technology have transformed the way electronic equipment is made, and modern manufacturing systems use robots, programmable motion-control devices, sensing technologies and computers. Increasingly, companies are using lean manufacturing techniques, with teams of workers producing the entire device. The nature of the Electronic Equipment Assembler's job has been transformed accordingly. Regardless of how or where, however, almost every piece of modern electronic equipment has at some point been in the hands of an Electronic Equipment Assembler.
A substance abuse social worker evaluates and treats people who have substance abuse problems. The substances could be tobacco, alcohol, or recreational drugs. As well as being a social worker, the job includes being a probation agent, counselor, community support worker, mental health therapist, psychotherapist, clinician, clinical/social worker, and case manager.
A commercial diver is an individual paid to go underwater to do specific tasks. Commercial diving has a lot to do with construction, retrieval, maintenance, inspection, repairs, and photography. Commercial divers typically work for construction, engineering, shipping, and oil companies.
The mental health field is one of the most exciting career fields to pursue in the 21st century. Clinical research continues to uncover the mysteries of the human mind, particularly within the discipline of neuropsychology. According to the renowned clinical psychiatrist Dr. Kay Redfield Jamison, over the last 25 years scientists have discovered more about the inner workings of the brain than the previous 100 years combined. Counseling psychologists pair theoretical concepts with the latest scientific breakthroughs in the behavioral health field in a practical, useful manner within a therapeutic or educational setting. The latest clinical research studying the complex interplay of neurotransmitters is of little use to an individual currently suffering from clinical depression, for example. Counseling psychologists give the field of psychology its humanity. Without the work of these dedicated individuals, all of the neuropsychological studies in the world would have no practical application. Individuals interested in pursuing a career in the mental health field should be aware of the difference between psychiatry and psychology. Psychiatry involves pursuing a career as a medical practitioner who focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. This specialized focus allows psychiatrists to prescribe psychotropic medications in addition to psychotherapy to manage mental disorders such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and major depression. A career as a psychologist, on the other hand, does not adhere to the medical model of psychiatry. Psychologists cannot prescribe medication, but these individuals can still provide highly specialized treatment for people in need of mental health care. The mental health field diverges even further into counseling psychology and clinical psychology. Both of these professional careers overlap in many areas such as work environment, but generally speaking, clinical psychologists work with individuals that are more impaired. Counseling psychologists take a more general approach to the mental health field, focusing on a more developmental perspective.
A sewing machine operator is a textile worker who sews fabric with an electronic sewing machine. Although many couture houses employ hand sewers to do delicate beading and embroidery, most clothing manufacturers also keep a legion of sewing machine operators on their payroll because using the machine speeds things up dramatically. Some sewing machine operators do their work on machines identical or similar to those commonly used in domestic sewing projects; others use larger, more powerful machines that are faster and able to handle thicker fabrics easily. Most sewing machine operators work in the garment industry, although tough industrial sewing machines are also used to make boat sails, curtains, fabric napkins and upholstery. Sewing machine operators may also work for sewing machine manufacturers. Their experience "out in the trenches" is invaluable for companies that are developing new sewing machine models because the operators know what works, what doesn't and what they'd change if they could.
A clinical psychologist is a psychologist who works specifically in a clinical mental health setting. These are the types of psychologists that most people think of when they hear the term "psychologist." Instead of performing research or participating in studies, these psychologists work in the field with patients. Clinical psychologists are often portrayed in movies and television shows, sometimes accurately and other times inaccurately. It is important to realize that clinical psychologists may have a very different day-to-day work life than what is shown on TV. Clinical psychologists may have some exciting, interesting cases, but much of their day is spent doing more ordinary tasks like filling out paperwork.
Occupational health and safety specialists analyze many types of work environments and work procedures. They inspect workplaces for adherence to regulations on safety, health, and the environment. They also design programs to prevent disease or injury to workers and damage to the environment. They work in a variety of settings, such as offices, factories, and mines. Their jobs often involve fieldwork and travel. Most specialists work full time.
Couriers transport documents and packages for individuals, businesses, institutions, and government agencies. Couriers usually travel by foot, bicycle, motorcycle, automobile, or public transportation. While most couriers and messengers work full time during regular business hours, evening and weekend hours are common.
Urban planners develop plans and programs for the use of land. They use planning to create communities, accommodate growth, or revitalize physical facilities in towns, cities, counties, and metropolitan areas. Nearly two-thirds of planners worked in local government in 2010. Most planners work during normal business hours, but many also work evenings or weekends to attend meetings with planning commissions or neighborhood groups.
A Career Counselor is an individual trained to aid people in their career choice. Whether the person is new to the working world, or simply desires a change of profession, the career counselor will be able to guide them in the best possible direction. Working in an unregulated industry, career counselors often hold at minimum a degree in counseling, which gives them the necessary skills to assess the proficiencies of their clients as well as the underlying drive of each client.
There are two main types of social workers: direct-service social workers, who help people solve and cope with problems in their everyday lives, and clinical social workers, who diagnose and treat mental, behavioural, and emotional issues. Social workers work in a variety of settings, including mental health clinics, schools, hospitals, and private practices. They generally work full time and may need to work evenings and weekends.
A transit officer is a police officer that specializes in maintaining order and balance on any transportation system. Whether they work for a freight company, railroad, bus line, subway, or other form of transportation, transit officers keep the people and property on these systems safe. These officers are responsible for responding to and investigating crimes that occur in these specific environments. Examples of transit officers are transit officers that work for Amtrak police, or the Transit authority police of any municipality such as the transportation authority of Massachusetts Bay. Most only have limited power and can only investigate crimes and apprehend criminals that are in violation of transit rules and regulations or on transit property. Some transit officers, such as those in Utah, have full power of jurisdiction, meaning they can arrest for other crimes when necessary. In areas where rail travel and freight are prominent, transit officers are necessary assets that keep the railroad running smoothly. They keep passengers and freight safe and make sure that illegal contraband doesn’t get through on railways to other places. They are the people that make sure passengers get from point A to point B safely and securely.
Workers in water transportation occupations operate and maintain ships that take cargo and people over water. The are sometimes called merchant mariners. These ships travel to and from foreign ports across the ocean to domestic ports along the coasts, across the Great Lakes, and along the country’s many inland waterways. Work schedules and conditions vary by the type of ship. Most workers work long hours while they are on the ship.
The idea of working as a lifeguard may bring up a picture of hunky guys and gorgeous girls who are tanned, muscular and beautiful and who perform daring Baywatch-style rescues along the beach. In reality, of course, the job is quite different from how it is depicted on television. Lifeguards come in all sizes and shapes, and they work inside as often as on the beach. It is, however, an extremely important job because it involves keeping people safe. Lifeguards are expert swimmers who work at almost any location where people swim. They know how to save a person who is drowning or who has sustained an injury while swimming, and they can give artificial respiration if required. They keep a close eye on all the people under their care. The job of a lifeguard is one with a great deal of responsibility.
Exterminators (or Pest Control Technicians) have the varied and sometimes interesting job of exterminating roaches, mice, mosquitoes, wasps, spiders, termites or any other animals which are considered pests. They can be self-employed, or work for organizations that do large scale pest control for government institutions, school facilities and food manufacturing businesses.