Physical education teachers, commonly known as Phys Ed or P.E. teachers, are responsible for the education of primary and secondary school students in physical activity and psychomotor learning. The physical education class was once little more than an organized recess; however, Phys Ed teachers now engage students in much more than game play. Recent developments have steered the physical education curriculum towards the goal of overall wellness and teachers now incorporate health and nutrition topics into their classes.
Fitness trainers lead, instruct, and motivate individuals or groups in exercise activities, including cardiovascular exercise (exercises for the heart and blood system), strength training, and stretching. They work with people of all ages and skill levels. Fitness trainers work in health clubs, country clubs, fitness or recreation centers, gyms, hospitals, universities, yoga and Pilates studios, resorts, and clients' homes.
Many may think of golf pros as the men and women they see on Professional Golfers' Association (PGA) tours and on television, but there are many more ways to be a golf pro. In addition to sponsored athletes, golf pros can be anything from the manager of a club or resort to certified coaches who train people of all ages to play golf. One common denominator between all golf professionals is a passion and aptitude for the sport.
Coaches instruct and work with students and clients to prepare them for anything from performing to their peak in recreational sports to developing skills that will help them achieve life and career goals. A coach can be a private tutor, counsellor, or a life-skills coordinator. They work in a private office, out of their homes, or at accredited primary, secondary and post-secondary educational institutions. Three primary areas for coaching are athletic coaching, career coaching and wellness coaching. Each requires a similar but varied skill set and there are many niches within each area. In addition to these concentrations, coaches may be independent contractors who specialize in relationship, parenting, business and even religious development. In fact, there is probably a coaching position for almost every area of life, business or recreation.
A personal trainer is someone who helps people meet their fitness goals, including but not limited to weight loss, strength training, toning, or overall health management. Unlike an athletic trainer, a personal trainer does not need a bachelor's degree to work with clients, although the majority of gyms and fitness centres require their trainers to hold general PT certifications. Clients can range wildly in their physical fitness levels, so a trainer may be introducing one client to basic exercises, helping a second one with a weight loss program, and assisting a third in advanced training goals.
Physical therapists (also referred to as physiotherapists in some countries) help people who have injuries or illnesses improve their movement and manage their pain. They are often an important part of rehabilitation and treatment of patients with chronic conditions or injuries. They typically work in private offices and clinics, hospitals, and nursing homes. They spend much of their time on their feet, actively working with patients.
Athletes and sports competitors participate in organized, officiated sports events to entertain spectators. They often work irregular hours, including evenings, weekends, and holidays. They usually work more than 40 hours a week several months during the sports season.
People working in the broadcasting field help provide coverage of sporting events using a variety of different media outlets, such as radio, television, and internet. That being said, the actual job of a sportscaster can vary quite a bit from one career group to the next. Some sportscasters will specialize in a particular sport, doing commentary, others will specialize in research, production, and presentation of many different sporting events and competitions.
Referees preside over competitive athletic or sporting events. They detect infractions and decide penalties according to the rules of the game. They work indoors and out, in all types of weather. They often work irregular hours, including evenings, weekends, and holidays. Those who work full time usually work more than 40 hours per week for several months during their sport’s season. Some officials must travel to sporting events.
Sports writers deliver engaging and informative news to readers of blogs, websites, newspapers, or magazines. They may work directly for a publishing company or freelance and syndicate their stories to a variety of news outlets. Some writers specialize in coverage of one sport, such as basketball or football, while others cover all the news on athletic competition in their region. Regardless of the type of sport covered, writers must use their creativity to excite and engage readers while writing content that is always factual, current and accurate.
Athletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating muscle and bone injuries and illnesses. They work with people of all ages and all skill levels, from young children to soldiers and professional athletes.
Sports scouts are members of the professional and university-level sporting community that help teams and organizations find the best athletes in the world. A typical scout will use his or her time to travel all across the globe in order to find and assess players that fit the needs of the organizations they represent. A scout for the sporting community is an excellent judge of talent and is able to determine if an individual is worthy of either immediate access to a playing field, or of training and growing their talents in practice camps.