Auto body repairers work in the automotive industry. They repair, restore, refinish, and replace vehicle bodies and frames, windshields, and window glass.
Construction painters apply paint, stain, and coatings to walls, buildings, bridges, and other structures.
A hand polishing worker, or hand grinding worker, is someone who is responsible for grinding, sanding, and/or polishing objects to a smooth finish. The objects that a polisher may work with can be made from wood, stone, clay, marble, plastic, and glass, to name a few. The objects a polisher or grinder works with can end up as smaller craft items delivered directly to market, such as jewelry, furniture accents or dentures. They can also work on larger items such as furniture. The worker must be able to use a variety of tools, both large and small, to shape the object in question to the desired shape and desired surface. The finished pieces may require excruciatingly exact detail, and the worker must have the skill to be able to derive the perfect finish from the modified objects.
A faller is a logging worker, part of an industry that harvests millions of trees each year around the world. Throughout history the profession was known as the lumberjack and the image of a burly man in chainsaw boots, checkered flannel shirt and suspenders forms part of legend and popular culture. Lumberjacks were heros in folklore and fairy tales, such as Paul Bunyan and Little Red Riding Hood, and there are many lumberjack songs in early American and traditional Irish and Scottish music. In the past the lumberjack did dangerous and primitive work, but had the reputation of being exceptionally strong, masculine, and able to confront any kind of danger. Without fallers we would have no raw materials to make wood products that are so important to our construction industry and our daily lives. Although the work is repetitious, falling trees by hand involves a high degree of specialized skill and concentration, and a commitment to make safety part of every work day. Logging has a reputation as being hazardous, but recent technological advancements have reduced many of the risks. In addition to chainsaws, feller-buncher operators, for example, use machines that are like backhoes to cut trees at the base and pile them up. Although the profession has traditionally been restricted to men, many women are now becoming fallers.
Essentially, an architect is a designer, trained and licensed to work on the planning and design of buildings. The facets of an architect's role are as varied and fascinating as their work; these are professionals who lead the process of creating functional spaces, from concept and design to a full realization of those designs. Architecture is an art that works hand in hand with science to design places where people can live, eat, work and play. As a leader of various projects, from something as small as an addition to someone's home to something as large as a hospital, college campus, or an entire neighbourhood, the role of an architect is to bring together the creative ideas and visions of the client and keep in mind the needs of those that will be using the new space.
The term "rigger" originated in the days of sailing ships when sailors were responsible for raising and maintaining a complex system of sails and rigging. In modern usage, it generally refers to someone who sets equipment up and prepares it for use. According to the U.S. legal worker definition, a rigger is anyone who attaches or detaches lifting equipment to loads or lifting devices. There are a number of different categories of riggers working in several industries. In the military, riggers are responsible for maintaining and setting up things like parachutes or airdrop equipment. In the theater industry, riggers manage pieces of a stage set, moving props and changing production scenes. Riggers in the marine industry are involved with setting up the pieces of equipment necessary to keep the ship functioning: ropes, pulleys, winches, cables. Most commonly, however, jobs are found within heavy construction, often in the oil or mining industry. This type of rigger is also referred to as a Rig Technician. In the oil industry there are several levels of Rig Technicians, ranging from motorhands to derrickhands to drillers, depending on skill level and job duties. Riggers in this industry are responsible for attaching pieces of heavy machinery, connecting the parts together and anchoring pieces to fixed structures with bolts and clamps. They also control and manage all the movement of the machinery while it is operational, and then take it all apart when the job is finished.
Tool and die makers set up and operate a variety of computer-controlled or mechanically-controlled machine tools to produce precision metal parts, instruments, and tools. They work in machine shops and tool rooms and on factory floors. Most work full time during regular business hours. However, overtime, evening, and weekend work are common.
A wellhead pumper operates power pumps and other equipment so that gas or oil can flow from the oil well. The job is known by a number of other terms, including operations technician, rig technician, pumper and well tender. Work is performed within a strong safety culture that follows detailed and exact safety regulations. Environmental rules also must be closely followed. The pumper's job involves bringing an oil, gas, or mining product from a well up to the surface by means of pumps and compressors. The pumper starts the compressor engine and opens valves to return compressed gas to the bottom of the well. The pump depressurizes the pipe and forces oil to rise to the surface. The wellhead pumper then must monitor the flow as the product travels to make sure it is moving at the proper rate. Once the pump has brought the product to the surface, the pumper transfers it to storage tanks or trucks that move it offsite. Although the wellhead pumper has long been a traditional part of the oil and gas industry, increased use of automated storage and retrieval systems has increased productivity and lessened the need for wellhead pumpers.
Oil and gas rotary drill operators carry out the plans for drilling that petroleum engineers have designed. They operate the equipment that digs the well and that removes the oil or gas. They often work in remote locations outdoors and around heavy machinery, so they must follow precautions. Most work full time, and they often work overtime.
A cabinetmaker, as the name would suggest, is an individual who engages in the activity of conceptualizing, designing and constructing furniture. They are usually considered synonymous with bench carpenters, although they have a particular specialization in cabinetry. Aside from building and designing cabinets, cabinet makers have the added task of installing them.
Pipelayers lave played a large role in creating the infrastructure of modern civilization. Modern plumbing and much of the world's energy all depend on pipes that these workers have laid. Pipelayers are often confused with pipefitters, and while they are in the same class of work, they are not technically the same job. Pipelayers are the tradesmen who perform the initial groundwork for construction by laying down pipes that provide sewage disposal, drainage or water. Apart from construction, some of the other industries in which a pipelayer may work include natural gas distribution, where pipelines are used to carry the gas to be used as fuel, and the building of utility systems. Like others in the various construction trades, a pipelayer will have to spend several years working as an apprentice under a more experienced journeyman pipelayer before being able to work on their own or train apprentice pipelayers.
Shoe and leather workers are highly skilled craftsmen who work to create, design, and repair leather products. These craftsmen can create every type of leather product imaginable including small accessories such as wallets and handbags, designer shoes, luggage, and even horse saddles. However, a large portion of shoe and leather craftsmen work in the shoe and leather repair field rather than in the manufacturing field of the leather industry. Working as a shoe and leather worker is a highly demanding career path to pursue. Leather working is a trade. Prospective applicants may not realize the sheer amount of time and dedication necessary to create shoes and boots of high quality. Indeed, leather working is a skill that has been passed down from generation to generation of craftsmen. Shoe and leather workers have several different job titles in the leather working industry. The most common job title is leather repairman, but other areas of expertise within the leather industry include orthopedic shoemaker, saddle maker, and luggage maker. All of these specialists use similar techniques in order to ply their trade masterfully. The difference lies in the scope of the project, which may or may not require operating heavy machinery.
Electricians are tradesmen whose responsibilities are to design, install, maintain and troubleshoot electrical wiring systems. These systems can be located in homes, commercial or industrial buildings, and even machines and large pieces of equipment. Electricians work either inside or outside to make possible the use of lights, televisions, industrial equipment, appliances and many other items essential to life.
Aviation Inspectors, also known as aviation safety inspectors, have been keeping the world's air transportation system safe since the development of an American airway system in the early 1920s. Although it was originally created for the U.S. Air Mail Service, it was transferred to the Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA after the Federal Aviation Act was established in 1958. Aviation inspectors are responsible for the safety of everyone who boards an airplane, as well as those remaining on the ground. Conducting preflight inspections to ensure the safety of an aircraft, these inspectors are critical in confirming that the craft is safe for flight. They have a mechanical aptitude and are able to diagnose and resolve complex problems. Often working for the FAA, they understand that following all safety guidelines is an important responsibility; therefore, an aviation inspector can mandate changes to maintenance schedules and suggest repairs as needed. Being superbly trained, they examine all the components that can affect an individual flight to ensure the safety of it's crew and passengers.
A quarry rock splitter does exactly what it sounds like: split or separate blocks of rough stone from a quarry mass, using a jackhammer and wedges. It is a highly specialized job that is only done in stone quarries, which are a type of open-pit mine from which rock and minerals are extracted for use as building materials. For many people the idea of a rock quarry and someone breaking stone brings up visions of the cartoon character Fred Flintstone, who famously worked at Slate Construction. The cartoon made many references to the process of splitting quarry rock, often reflected through names such as Barney Rubble, Mr. Slate, movie star Rock Quarry, and the town of Bedrock itself. The real-life job is not significantly different from the cartoon version, although equipment and technology is changing the way a Quarry Rock Splitter does the job. With the increasing popularity of stone kitchen countertops and stone flooring and the demand for aggregate, the job retains importance. Stones such as granite, limestone, marble, slate, and sandstone are extracted, and concrete and aggregate building materials are manufactured from the materials remaining after large pieces are removed. Construction quarries exist all over the world, and there are many historic quarry sites that have existed for centuries. Environmentalists have led the movement to reclaim exhausted quarries, and these are often restored. The beautiful Butchart Gardens in Victoria, B.C., Canada is an example of a quarry that has been transformed into a massive garden and tourist attraction.
Aircraft mechanics repair and perform scheduled maintenance on airplanes and helicopters. They also inspect airplanes and helicopters as required by federal agencies.
Machining is the process of creating or changing parts that are made primarily of metal, and less frequently, of plastic or wood. It may be accomplished by cutting, grinding, drilling, lathing, polishing and other technological processes that are performed to remove excess metal and shape the part. Machinists are individuals who use machinery tools to fabricate parts according to the parameters specified in blueprints, also known as technical drawings. They generally work with materials such as steel, brass, aluminium, copper and sometimes glass, plastic or wood. Machinists have to be proficient in using various machinery equipment because the making of a part frequently requires more than one technological process and tool. Most machinery tools are electrically powered equipment, but several hand tools may also be used occasionally. Machinists are essential workers in industries or fields where replacement parts are frequently needed, especially in emergency situations when the operation of equipment depends on the availability of a specific part.
A brickmason uses bricks to build fences, walkways, walls, patios, buildings and other structures. Brickmasons may also work with other building materials. Brickmasons are also referred to as bricklayers and just masons.
One occupation that many people are becoming increasingly interested in pursuing is in the water transportation field. In particular, the need for ship loaders is increasing at an impressive rate, and once the minimum requirements are met, ship loading can be a very rewarding occupation. A ship loader is an individual who is responsible for loading and unloading ships, maintaining the ship, and spending multiple hours, days or weeks aboard these vessels. This occupation varies quite a bit based on what kind of work is required and what types of distances are being transversed. For example, a cargo loader who specializes going up and down a local river might only be gone for a few hours while a ship loader transporting goods to from country to country may be out-of-town for days or even weeks. The work is also often seasonal due to the fact that it is quite a bit more difficult to transfer goods via waterways during winter.
Glaziers install glass in windows, skylights, storefronts, and display cases to create distinctive designs or reduce the need for artificial lighting. As in many other construction trades, the work is physically demanding. Glaziers risk cuts from tools and glass, and falls from ladders and scaffolding. Most work full time. About 5% were self-employed in 2010.