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Also known as: Breeder.
An animal breeder is someone who breeds animals. These animals may be pets, farm animals, or exotic animals. Generally, an animal breeder is classified by what type of animal they breed. For example, they may breed cats, dogs, horses, cows, chickens, rabbits, or other animals. If someone breeds cats, they are called a cat breeder. If someone breeds dogs, they are called a dog breeder. This type of labelling system is used for all types of animals. Additionally, breeders may be further classified by what exact breed they specialize in. For example, a dog breeder that only breeds french bulldogs would be considered a french bulldog breeder.
An animal breeder will mate animals to produce babies. The breeder then sells these baby animals once they have reached an age where they can survive without the mother. Breeders often work in conjunction with each other to find the perfect mates for each of their animals. Sometimes these animals will only meet during a short mating session. Other times, they may live in the same home.
Animal breeders also care for their animals and the baby animals until it is time to sell them. Breeders also ensure that their animals are purebred, and meet any breed standards or breeding club guidelines. Breeders must follow strict guidelines in order to reduce the chance for genetic disorders in offspring.
Many breeders own large areas of land that are conducive to raising animals. Most large-scale breeding operations have dedicated barns and living areas for their animals. For example, a person who breeds horses will need a large horse farm to run their operation. Some small-scale breeders choose to mate and raise the animals inside their own home. For example, a person who breeds pet snakes may be able to run their business completely out of a city apartment.
There are no minimum educational requirements to be an animal breeder. Anyone can become an animal breeder with extensive knowledge of the breed of animal. Breeders must understand state regulations regarding their breeding practices. For example, they may only be allowed to have a certain number of animals on their land. In some states, breeders must be registered with the state, so the state can make sure they are following all guidelines. Some breeding clubs require membership in order to protect their interest in the breed. Breeders who do not register with the state or with these breeding clubs are sometimes called unregistered breeders. In certain areas, unregistered breeders can face legal consequences.