Bakers often start as apprentices in craft bakeries or trainees in store bakeries and learn the basics of baking, icing, and decorating. Most apprentices and trainees study topics such as nutrition, safe food handling, and basic baking. Many apprentice bakers participate in correspondence study and may work toward a certificate in baking. Some bakers learn their skills through work experience related to baking. They may start as a baker’s assistant and progress into a full-fledged baker as they learn baking techniques.

In manufacturing facilities, commercial bakers must learn how to operate and maintain the industrial mixing and blending machines used to produce baked goods. A baker needs to learn how to combine ingredients and how ingredients are affected by heat. They also need to learn how to operate various types of equipment used in the production process. If running a small business, bakers need to know how to operate a business. All bakers must follow government sanitation and health regulations.

The education and experience requirements vary by the level of certification desired. For example, a certified journey baker requires no formal education but must have at least one year of work experience. A certified baker must have four years of work experience, and a certified master baker must have eight years of work experience, 30 hours of sanitation coursework, and 30 hours of professional development training.

All bakers should have basic knowledge of arithmetic, especially fractions, to precisely mix formulas, weigh ingredients, or make adjustments to the mixes. Bakers must often consult with other workers involved in the baking process, such as dough mixers, so they can adjust baking temperatures accordingly. Bakers must closely watch their products in the oven to keep from burning or over-baking the goods. They also should have an eye for detail because many pastries and cakes require intricate decorations. Most bakers must be able to work on their feet for long periods while kneading dough and lifting heavy items.

What are Bakers like?


Based on our pool of users, bakers tend to be predominately artistic people. Take our career test to see what career interest category best describes you.

Bakers by Strongest Interest Archetype

Based on sample of 1271 Sokanu users

Are Bakers happy?


Bakers rank among the least happy careers. Overall they rank in the 39th percentile of careers for satisfaction scores.

Baker Career Satisfaction by Dimension

Percentile among all careers

Education History of Bakers

The most common degree held by bakers is Culinary Arts. 4% of bakers had a degree in culinary arts before becoming bakers. That is over 9 times the average across all careers. English Literature graduates are the second most common among bakers, representing 2% of bakers in the Sokanu user base, which is 0.5 times the average.

Baker Education History

This table shows which degrees people earn before becoming a Baker, compared to how often those degrees are obtained by people who earn at least one post secondary degree.

Degree % of bakers % of population Multiple
Culinary Arts 4.2% 0.5% 8.6×
English Literature 2.3% 4.9% 0.5×
Psychology 1.8% 6.7% 0.3×
Fine Arts 1.6% 1.9% 0.9×
Business Management And Administration 1.4% 6.5% 0.2×
Communications 1.4% 3.3% 0.4×
History 1.3% 2.2% 0.6×
Anthropology And Archeology 1.2% 1.2% 0.9×
Business 1.1% 2.3% 0.5×
Liberal Arts 1.1% 1.8% 0.6×
Biology 1.0% 3.5% 0.3×

Baker Education Levels

58% of bakers have a high school diploma. 25% of bakers have a no education.

No education 25%
High school diploma 58%
Associate's degree 18%
Bachelor's degree 0%
Master's degree 0%
Doctorate degree 0%

How to Become a Baker

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