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Generally a high school diploma is required at minimum, with a focus on several specific skills such as math, mechanics, and english. Many companies will train workers in specific courses that are required. Most operators learn on the job, but must have a good understanding of things like of physics and electronics, the operation of hydraulic equipment, and concepts of machining and fabricating.
In some countries, the process requires technical training or an apprenticeship, which includes classroom sessions as well as supervision under an expert operator. Depending on the regulations of each country, an operator must earn and maintain a variety of safety certifications and machine operation certificates. Rig workers are generally required to undergo regular alcohol and drug testing.