Overview

There are no universally mandated education or licensing requirements to become a nanny. Each family or childcare agency will have its own expectations concerning job candidates’ aptitudes and previous childcare experience. However, a Bachelor’s or Associate’s degree and/or special certifications in early childhood education typically help with career advancement. Individuals interested in working with children who have special needs should certainly consider earning a degree.

Coursework in early childhood education programs includes childhood education history and philosophies; child growth and motor, cognitive, social, language, and emotional development; childhood curriculum development and teaching strategies; early childhood nutrition and health; strategies for establishing positive collaborative relationships between educators and parents; diversity and management of anti-bias issues that arise in early childhood education settings; and the impact of books and other media on young children’s physical, cognitive, and emotional development, and strategies for using them effectively in learning environments.

The International Nanny Association (INA) administers two tiers of examinations that test and verify candidates’ childcare skills and knowledge of child development, nutrition needs; and other related areas. The INA has adopted the following basic standards for nannies:

 Must be at least eighteen years of age
 Must have completed high school (or the equivalent)
 Must be in good general health, with proof of immunizations and, where states require, a negative tuberculosis test and/or chest x-ray
 Must be able to legally accept employment in the country where they work
 Must have an innate desire to make a positive contribution in the lives of children under their care
 Must have extensive babysitting or daycare experience
 May have already raised a family of their own
 May have a degree in early childhood education or elementary education

Normally, individuals who choose to become nannies already have some level of experience that has led them to the occupation. Caring for a younger sibling or young neighbor, for example, has helped them learn about responsibility and supervision. Or, they have earned more formal experience, perhaps working at a children’s summer camp or a church nursery. They may have had a summer job at a daycare center or volunteered at an after-school care program. These kinds of experience are invaluable, not only because they lay a foundation in childcare, but also because they build a set of references that validate attributes, skills, and abilities.

How long does it take to become a Nanny?

As there is no standard educational track to become a nanny, the time required to enter the field varies.

Aspiring nannies who choose to earn a Bachelor’s degree in early child education will generally study for four years, as is common to complete an undergraduate degree. An Associate’s level degree, however, can be earned in two years. Some individuals may find employment with only a high school diploma. Most families and childcare agencies, though, seek some post-secondary education and/or related experience.

Steps to becoming a Nanny

Being a nanny is in some ways more of a vocation than a job. The steps to entering the field, therefore, are as much empirical and experiential in nature as they are educational.

1 Experience in Childcare

Gain as much experience as possible working with children, either through babysitting; working or volunteering at a school, hospital, daycare, or community center; or simply as a member of a large family.

As you build experience, collect references and letters of recommendation from the families, schools, and centers with which you work. Having solid references and accurate, up-to-date contact information will make it easier for a potential employer to verify your background.

2 Associate’s Degree or Bachelor’s Degree

While a degree is not mandatory in the profession, many families and hiring agencies look favorably upon applicants who have earned an undergraduate degree in early childhood education. Obtaining an Associate’s or Bachelor’s degree signals to potential employers that you understand that there is more to being a nanny than babysitting and driving kids to school and activities. A nanny with a foundation in childhood education can lead fun activities while creating a learning environment that teaches discipline and provides guidance.

3 Additional Training & Certifications

One supplement – or in some cases, an alternative – to a degree program is a nanny school curriculum which has been approved by the American Council of Nanny Schools (ACNS). The English Nanny & Governess School (www.nanny-governess.com) offers one of these programs.

As another enhancement to your education, consider attending parenting classes or lectures, which teach valuable parent/child communication methods.

Training and certifications in the following areas will further increase your knowledge, professionalism, and marketability:

Infant/Child CPR and First Aid
Many families will not even consider hiring a nanny who does not have this training. Take these classes at regular intervals, as certifications are generally valid for about two years.

Water-Safety Certification
Families with swimming a pool or who enjoy the ocean and beach may seek out a nanny with this credential. Certifications in this area can be obtained through local pools or community centers, or through the Water Safety Education program sponsored by the American Red Cross.

Infant Care
Newborns require specialized knowledge. Taking a class at a local hospital, parenting center, community college, or pediatrician’s office will ensure that you know how to care for your youngest charges, especially if you have had limited experience in this area. The Newborn Care Specialist Association (NCSA) offers classes and certification in infant care.

Driver’s License
A valid driver’s license, a clean driving record, and completion of a defensive driving course are sought-after qualifications.

Nutrition & Cooking
Knowledge of nutrition and cooking will make you a more valuable candidate to parents. Applicable classes are available at local community colleges, culinary schools, and even at some health food stores. You can even earn certification as a Kid’s Nutrition Specialist through the National Exercise & Sports Trainers Association.

Fitness
Parents like knowing that you can help their children stay active and healthy. You can become a Certified Children’s Fitness Specialist by completing a course administered by the American Fitness Professionals & Associates.

Foreign Language
One of the most sought-after nanny skills is proficiency in a foreign language. More and more families want their children exposed to a different language and culture at an early age.

Special Needs Care
Of course, parents with a special-needs child will be more inclined to hire a nanny who has some training in this area. Programs and workshops are offered by local colleges and special needs organizations, such as Easterseals (www.easterseals.com) and The Arc (www.thearc.org).

4 A Nanny Profile

The internet has become a meeting place for nannies and parents. Advancements in technology have made it even easier with several websites dedicated to connecting the two parties. Some popular resources are www.Care.com and www.Sittercity.com. Both of these sites allow nannies to create a free profile for potential clients to browse.

Effective profiles typically include a detailed resume with a timeline of experience; references from individuals who can attest to your character and childcare abilities; a background check; educational and medical certifications; and an updated listed of vaccines.

5 Professional Credentials

The International Nanny Association (INA) administers two tiers of examinations. The first is an online Nanny Basic Skills Assessment, consisting of forty timed, multiple-choice questions. This assessment addresses topics of health, safety, nutrition, child development, and professionalism.

The Association’s second tier evaluation, the INA Nanny Credential Exam, is composed of a hundred multiple choice questions and one open-response essay question with multiple parts. The Credential Exam, also timed and available be taken online, is designed to test a nanny’s practical knowledge of child care. Prior to testing, each student must secure a proctor to administer the exam. At this level, students’ knowledge of the following is tested:

 Child Development
 Family/Provider Communication
 Child Guidance
 Multicultural/Diversity Awareness
 Learning Environment
 Personal Qualities of a Nanny
 Safety
 Management Skills Health
 Nutrition
 Professionalism

Because the exam is challenging, it is strongly recommended that anyone sitting for the exam have a minimum of two thousand hours – the equivalent of one year, full-time –of professional in-home child care experience. Those sitting for the exam must have a current certification in Infant/Child CPR and First Aid.

Another designation that is recognized in the field is the CDA or Child Development Associate credential. CDA programs, administered by the Council for Professional Recognition, test candidates in state-approved child development centers where they are observed working with groups of toddlers and children to determine their eligibility for a specific certification. Many jurisdictions in North America require childcare professionals to have the CDA credential.

The Connection Centered Discipline Nanny Certification is an online program that helps nannies learn how to reinforce positive habits in children. This childcare philosophy focuses on nurturing and helping children without punishing or berating them.

Should I become a Nanny?

This is a critical question, because as a nanny you are responsible for someone else’s life. That statement is not hyperbole. You need to know if you are ready to take on the degree of accountability that is at the heart of this career.

A mistake that some aspiring nannies make is to equate the occupation with baby sitting or daycare positions. Certainly, all of these jobs have things in common, but three characteristics of the role of nanny distinguish it from any other.

Intimacy
A primary difference between a nanny and a babysitter or child-care provider is the closeness and significance of the relationship. Nannies do not just take care of children’s short-term needs; they partner with parents in providing the discipline, nurturing, and structure needed for development. Live-in nannies have a special level of intimacy with the family that employs them; they often share family meals, attend school activities, and travel on family vacations. For individuals who are truly passionate about children and who welcome this closeness, being a nanny may be the perfect career.

Commitment
The work of a nanny requires dedication and perseverance. Because nannies establish such close relationships with their charges, families generally want a commitment of at least a year. Constantly changing care providers can be emotionally harmful for children. Along with committing to long-term employment, nannies commonly have to devote eight to ten hours a day to the physical and emotional needs of the children in their care. This is not a job from which one can walk away without causing anyone harm.

Responsibility
The work of a nanny calls for both commitment of time and energy and acceptance of great responsibility. The best nannies relish the opportunity to participate in children’s development. Assisting parents in child rearing is a very delicate process, though. Nannies often spend more waking hours with kids than their parents, which means they have a major impact on their mental and emotional growth. They also must be aware of the risk of accidents and physical injuries, especially with parents who are more sensitive to the normal scrapes and bruises that children experience while in their care.

In addition to a genuine love of children, there is, of course, a set of core skills that every talented nanny needs:

Social Perceptiveness
Understanding what children in your care are feeling without being told and knowing how to communicate, negotiate, sympathize and empathize with them are fundamental.

Patience & Reliability
Can you handle eight to ten hours at a time with one or more children, perhaps with no adult companionship?

Adaptability
With children, things do not always go according to plan. Can you adapt and change your routine – without getting upset – to accommodate the sick child, for example, or look for lost sneakers when you are on a deadline?

Flexibility
Are you willing to perform your duties and carry out your responsibilities according to the childcare philosophy and rules of the family employing you?

Initiative & Organizational skills
Depending on your employer, you may have to care for family pets as well as children, and complete household chores including cleaning and cooking. Are you a self-starter who can organize your day to accomplish all necessary tasks, while not neglecting your charge(s)?

Finally, it is important to take note of a particularly defining aspect of this profession. Not surprisingly, nannies inevitably build a special bond with the children they care for. This means that they become personally invested in their job. For some individuals, this is the best part of being a nanny. For others, it proves to be too emotionally demanding. Recognizing which group you belong to will go a long way in helping you determine if this is the career for you.

What are Nannies like?

Social

Based on our pool of users, nannies tend to be predominately social people. This comes as no surprise. Anyone who is part teacher, counselor, baby whisperer, nurse, household manager, coach, referee, chef, and chauffeur best be comfortable interacting with a wide spectrum of people.

Nannies by Strongest Interest Archetype

Based on sample of 2775 Sokanu users

Are Nannies happy?

54%Happy

Nannies rank as moderately happy among careers. Overall they rank in the 58th percentile of careers for satisfaction scores. Please note that this number is derived from the data we have collected from our Sokanu members only.

A moderate happiness ranking for nannies may be rooted in the fact that the career presents its practitioners with both very positive experiences and some potentially very negative ones.

Most nannies love that they play an important role in children’s lives and have wonderful relationships with them. They take pride in making a difference and watching their charges come to life; in shaping young minds; and in establishing appropriate manners and honorable lifelong habits. They are motivated by knowing that what they do helps many working parents have better relationships with their kids.

On the other hand, they may frequently have to defend their career choice to a world that does not always view nannies as professionals. At times, they may have to compromise their own child-rearing philosophy and abide by the wishes of the parents employing them; this kind of mismatch can lead to discouragement. There are also long periods of isolation and absence of adult interaction to deal with.

Nanny Career Satisfaction by Dimension

Percentile among all careers

Education History of Nannies

The most common degree held by nannies is Psychology. 5% of nannies had a degree in psychology before becoming nannies. That is over 1 times the average across all careers. English Literature graduates are the second most common among nannies, representing 3% of nannies in the Sokanu user base, which is 0.7 times the average.

Nanny Education History

This table shows which degrees people earn before becoming a Nanny, compared to how often those degrees are obtained by people who earn at least one post secondary degree.

Degree % of nannies % of population Multiple
Psychology 4.6% 6.8% 0.7×
English Literature 3.2% 4.9% 0.7×
Early Childhood Education 1.6% 0.5% 3.2×
Sociology 1.5% 2.1% 0.7×
Communications 1.5% 3.3% 0.4×
Fine Arts 1.4% 1.9% 0.7×
Liberal Arts 1.3% 1.8% 0.7×
Drama 1.3% 1.1% 1.2×
Biology 1.2% 3.5% 0.3×

Nanny Education Levels

48% of nannies have a high school diploma. 48% of nannies have an associate's degree.

No education 0%
High school diploma 48%
Associate's degree 48%
Bachelor's degree 4%
Master's degree 0%
Doctorate degree 0%

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