Psychologist Education Requirements
Table of Contents
Most clinical, counselling, and research psychologists need a doctoral degree. Psychologists can complete a Ph.D. in psychology or a Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) degree. A Ph.D. in psychology is a research degree that culminates in a comprehensive exam and a dissertation based on original research. In clinical, counselling, school, or health service settings, students usually complete a one-year internship as part of the doctoral program. The Psy.D. is a clinical degree and is often based on practical work and examinations rather than a dissertation.
School psychologists need a master’s, specialist (Ed. S. degree, which requires a minimum of 60 graduate semester hours), or doctoral degree in school psychology. Because their work addresses education and mental health components of students’ development, school psychologists’ training includes coursework in both education and psychology.
Industrial organizational psychologists contribute to an organization's success by improving the performance and well-being of its people. They research and identify how behaviours and attitudes can be improved through hiring practices, training programs, and feedback systems. They also help organizations transition among periods of change and development.
When working under the supervision of a doctoral psychologist, master’s graduates also can work as psychological assistants in clinical, counselling, or research settings. Master’s degree programs typically include courses in industrial-organizational psychology, statistics, and research design.
Entry into psychology graduate programs is competitive. Most master’s degree programs do not require an undergraduate major in psychology, but do require coursework in introductory psychology, experimental psychology, and statistics. Some doctoral degree programs require applicants to have a master’s degree in psychology, while others will accept applicants with a bachelor’s degree and a major in psychology.
In most jurisdictions, practicing psychology or using the title of “psychologist” requires licensure or certification. Psychologists typically need previous related work experience. To become licensed, for example, psychologists must have completed one or more of the following: predoctoral or postdoctoral supervised experience, an internship, or a residency program. School psychologists also must complete a year-long supervised internship program to become licensed or certified.
Education History of Psychologists
The most common degree held by psychologists is Psychology. 7 percent of psychologists had a degree in psychology before becoming psychologists. That is over 2 times the average across all careers. Clinical Psychology graduates are the second most common among psychologists, representing 2 percent of psychologists in the Sokanu user base, which is 21.3 times the average.
Psychologist Education History
This table shows which degrees people earn before becoming a Psychologist, compared to how often those degrees are obtained by people who earn at least one post secondary degree.
|Degree||% of psychologists||% of population||Multiple|
How to Become a Psychologist
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Delaware State University | Dover, DEOffers: Bachelors
University of Delaware | Newark, DEOffers: Bachelors
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Wesley College | Dover, DEOffers: Bachelors
Wilmington University | New Castle, DEOffers: Bachelors
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- Becoming A Psychologist www.cpa.ca
- World University Rankings by Subject 2014 - Psychology www.topuniversities.com
- How To Become A Psychologist psychology.about.com
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