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The Oxford English Dictionary states that mathematics is an “abstract science which investigates deductively the conclusions implicit in the elementary concepts of spatial and numerical relations, and which includes as its main divisions geometry, arithmetic, and algebra”.
At an undergraduate level, a student will probably undertake a Bachelor of Science (BSc) or Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Mathematics. Mathematics is typically taught through a combination of lectures and seminars, with students spending a lot of time working independently to solve problems sets.
A typical mathematics degree program involves a combination of pure (theory and abstract) mathematics and applied (practical application to the world) mathematics. Some universities also offer pure and applied mathematics as separate degrees, so a student can choose to focus on just one. Mathematics is also often paired with subjects including business management, computer science, economics, finance, history, music, philosophy, physics, sports science and statistics.
The career trajectory of people with a Mathematics degree appears to be focused around a few careers. The most common career that users with Mathematics degrees have experience in is Actuary, followed by Mathematician, Software Engineer, Financial Analyst, Teacher, Data Scientist, High School Teacher, Accountant, Statistician, and Data Analyst.
|Career||% of graduates||% of population||Multiple|
|High School Teacher||2.6%||0.2%||16.1×|
Mathematics graduates earn on average $45k, putting them in the 70th percentile of earners with a degree.
|Percentile||Earnings after graduation ($1000s USD)|
|25th (bottom earners)||$33k|
|Median (average earners)||$45k|
|75th (top earners)||$60k|
Mathematics graduates are moderately employed compared to other graduates. We have collected data on three types of underemployment. Part-time refers to work that is less than 30 hours per week. Non-college refers to work that does not require a college degree. Low-paying includes a list of low-wage service jobs such as janitorial work, serving, or dishwashing.
|Employment Type||Proportion of graduates|
|Jobs that don't require college||30%|