$90k $90k
240k 240k
5.8% 5.8%
3.4/5 3.4/5
Masters Masters

Principal Job Outlook

There are currently an estimated 240,000 Principals in the United States. The Principal job market is expected to grow by 5.8% between 2014 and 2024.

Principal Employability Rating

C Sokanu rates Principals with a C employability rating, meaning this career should provide moderate employment opportunities for the foreseeable future. Over the next 10 years, it is expected the US will need 83,800 Principals. That number is based on 14,000 additional Principals, and the retirement of 69,800 existing Principals.

Demand for Principals

In recent years the responsibilities of principals have increased significantly, contributing to the inherent stress of the role and the hesitancy of some teachers to aspire to it. Generally, principals are being held more accountable for both student and teacher performance and are faced with overcrowded classrooms, limited budgets, and growing and sometimes complex government regulations. These pressures and a perceived insufficient pay increase have led to a decline in the number of teachers willing to transition into principal positions. Over the next decade enrolment of elementary and secondary school students is predicted to grow slowly, resulting in lower demand for principals in these schools. The West and South regions of the country are expected to experience the highest enrolments and produce the majority of jobs, while enrolments and jobs in the Northeast and Midwest regions will undergo a decline or remain stable. A significant number of retiring principals should contribute to available positions in the field.

Supply of Principals

The Principal industry is concentrated in Texas, California, and New York.

Principal Job Market by State

State name Employed Principals
Texas 23,840
California 19,420
New York 17,760
Illinois 11,920
Ohio 9,250
New Jersey 8,720
Pennsylvania 7,960
North Carolina 7,840
Georgia 7,460
Massachusetts 7,260
Michigan 6,580
Virginia 6,570
Tennessee 5,710
Maryland 5,550
Missouri 5,230
Florida 4,710
Washington 4,530
Indiana 4,440
Colorado 4,420
Wisconsin 4,400
Arizona 4,310
Kentucky 4,050
South Carolina 3,850
Louisiana 3,820
Connecticut 3,560
Alabama 3,500
Oregon 3,100
Minnesota 3,090
Oklahoma 2,960
Iowa 2,570
Mississippi 2,370
Arkansas 2,290
Kansas 2,290
Utah 1,820
West Virginia 1,720
Nevada 1,660
Puerto Rico 1,650
New Mexico 1,650
Nebraska 1,590
Maine 1,400
New Hampshire 1,350
District of Columbia 1,300
Idaho 980
Hawaii 890
Vermont 860
Rhode Island 820
Delaware 820
Montana 770
Alaska 620
South Dakota 590
North Dakota 530
Wyoming 430
Guam 110
Virgin Islands 100

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