Bailiffs in the United States are peace officers of the court providing security for judges, juries, plaintiffs and defendants. They can be various types of correctional officers such as a deputy, marshal, or constable. Their duties can vary depending on what court they are in and even by state regulations. The position of a bailiff is long-standing in history. It was a title of power and dignity, as a protector and minor court official. They had power in medieval England where they were the lord of the manor's protector. These "bailiffs of manors" were more than muscle, they were rent and fine collectors and had estate lands and buildings to oversee. Bailiffs back in those days were fine collectors, writ executors, and process servers as well as the court protection.