A Shoemaker is someone who makes, designs and repairs footwear. The original name for a Shoemaker was Cordwainer. Historically, shoes were made one shoe at a time by hand, but this has somewhat been replaced by the shoe manufacturing industry, producing shoes at a far greater rate than sole Shoemakers can. There are still Shoemakers however, that produce quality, detailed and crafted work, but they are becoming rare.
Although there are few remaining Shoemakers in the world, the art of shoemaking will likely be around for quite some time, as many parts of the world still rely on Shoemakers. Also, some people still like to know that their perfectly-fitted shoes were designed and made specifically for them.