What is a Back-End Developer?
Table of Contents
The back end of a website is a combination of technology and programming that powers a website, the behind-the-scenes functionality or brain of a site. This back end of a website consists of three parts that a user never sees: a server, an application, and a database.
A back-end developer is someone who builds and maintains the technology needed to power the components which enable the user-facing side of the website to exist. Their back end code adds utility to everything the front-end developer creates. These developers are responsible for creating, maintaining, testing, and debugging the entire back end. This includes the core application logic, databases, data and application integration, API and other back end processes.
What does a Back-End Developer do?
The back end runs a website—the user doesn’t see it or interact with it, but it is always running in the background, delivering functionality and a desktop-like experience. Back-end developers play a critical role in web development teams, and make sure that data or services requested by the front end system or software are delivered.
The back end is the combination of a database and software written in a server-side language, which is run on web servers, cloud-based servers, or a hybrid of both. In order to make the server, application, and database communicate with each other, back-end developers use languages like PHP, Ruby, Python, Java, and .Net to build an application, and tools like MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server to find, save, or change data and serve it to the user in front end code.
After communicating with a business owner and understanding what their needs and technical requirements are, back-end developers use the aforementioned tools to create web applications with clean, well-documented code. They come up with the most effective and efficient solutions for engineering technology by converting and returning data into front end code a user can interact with, such as: filling out a form, creating a profile, shopping online, etc.
Responsibilities of a back-end developer can include working with:
- Database creation, integration, and management
- Back-end frameworks to build server-side software
- Web server technologies
- Cloud computing integration
- Server-side programming languages
- Operating systems
- Content management system development, deployment, and maintenance
- API integration
- Security settings and hack prevents
- Reporting—generating analytics and statistics
- Backup and restore technologies for a website’s files and DB
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What is the workplace of a Back-End Developer like?
The life of a developer typically involves working long hours. Back-end developers can be found almost anywhere, working as full-time permanent employees in both large corporations and small or medium-sized companies. They can also work as freelancers or independent consultants, or as contractors for an employment agency.
Become a Backend Developer: What is a Backend Developer
Become a Backend Developer: Hello World from the Backend
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What is the Best Programming Language for Your Backend Developer Career?
While it’s a job seekers’ market, competition can be fierce for top developer positions, so you need to make sure your toolbox is fully loaded. One way to do this is to add some new languages to your backend repertoire.
Back-End Technology: The Role of the Back-End Web Developer
Here’s a look at the role of back-end programmers: their responsibilities, the environment they work in, the technologies they use, and related back-end skills.
Back-End Developer Skills: What to Know to Be in Demand
If you want to understand what a back-end developer does, think of developing a website like building a house. The back-end developer builds the structure — from framing to plumbing to wiring — and then maintains the structure’s inner workings.
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