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What is an Executive Assistant?

An Executive Assistant is a specialized type of Administrative Assistant. Also known as: Executive Secretary, Executive Administrative Assistant.

An executive assistant is seen as the face of an organization, and is someone who provides high-level administrative support to executives in a company or corporation. Like secretaries or personal assistants, they conduct clerical work. However, executive assistants have additional responsibilities and higher levels of tasks to perform that can have an effect on the success or profitability of a business. They may even be asked to represent the executive they support in a meeting or other communications. Executive assistants must be highly organized and be able to prioritize work, have good interpersonal and communication skills, and possess managerial abilities.

What does an Executive Assistant do?

An executive assistant is the 'right hand' of the person they support, handling everything from personal schedules to executive board meetings. In many respects, the role of executive assistant is similar to that of a receptionist, secretary or administrative assistant. They perform clerical tasks, like accepting and making phone calls, maintaining files, scheduling meetings, sending memos, drafting and editing correspondence, accepting visitors, reviewing incoming reports and setting the executive's daily schedule. They are comfortable with standard office equipment, including personal computers, printers, fax machines, scanners, multi-line telephones, and advanced computer software programs, including spreadsheet, word processing and accounting programs.

The executive assistant's role is that of a 'gatekeeper'. He or she controls which phone calls and reports go through to the executive, as well as what meetings are scheduled. In order to fulfill this responsibility, executive assistants must clearly understand the goals, values and needs of both the company and the executive(s) they work for.

Executive assistants often work closely with lower-level administrative assistants to complete certain tasks that require collaboration. In some companies, executive assistants supervise the work of other administrative assistants and coordinate tasks. Depending on the structure and size of the company, an executive assistant may have one or more assistants of his or her own to help with the workload. These are typically secretaries or more entry-level clerical associates. The executive assistant is usually responsible for managing their tasks, and delegating assignments to them as required. Because they have the most comprehensive understanding of the needs of the executive and the operation of the clerical staff, executive assistants often train incoming administrative assistants.

What is the workplace of an Executive Assistant like?

Executive assistants typically work in an office setting. They can be found across all industries including schools, nonprofits, corporate organizations, hospitals and government agencies. They will often sit for long periods of time and may spend much of their day at a computer or on the phone.

How can I become an Executive Assistant?

Securing an executive assistant job typically requires a combination of training and practical experience. Many lower level secretaries, for instance, advance to executive assistant status after several years of strong job performance.

Because they work for high-ranking professionals in the company and may supervise other administrative staff, some employers may prefer executive assistants who have earned a bachelor's degree or have been certified through an administrative professional organization. Many colleges offer executive administrative assistant programs that teach administrative functions and include courses in topics like accounting, keyboarding, databases and basic office procedures.

Professional organizations offer certification to executive assistants who can prove their proficiency in the field by passing a standardized examination. Certification is not required to work as an executive assistant, but many employers prefer to hire certified assistants.

The International Association of Administrative Professionals (IAAP) offers two designations: Certified Professional Secretary (CPS) and Certified Administrative Professional (CAP). The CPS exam has three sections covering fundamental administrative techniques, while the CAP exam has four parts and is slightly more advanced.

  • IAAP Certified Administrative Professional (CAP)

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    Further Reading

    • Katie Smith - Executive Assistant, SEEK Employment

      Katie Smith once aspired to be Wonder Woman – and it looks like that is exactly what she has become in her role as EA extraordinaire to the three head honchos at SEEK Employment. She talks to Career FAQs about the life of a busy executive assistant and what it takes to do the job.

    • The Most Powerful Person in the Office

      Executive-Assistant Jobs May Be Thankless, but They Also Offer Big Impact

    • Musings of a High-Level Executive Assistant

      My life as a High-Level Assistant for Chairmen/CEOs of Sony, MGM, Fox, & Executive Producers. These are my PERSONAL stories of being a "Jane of All Trades" to Fortune-ranked companies.

    • Executive Assistant Typical Day on the Job

      The typical day at work for an executive assistant does not follow a rigid job description. A day in the life of an executive assistant at work may involve some typical tasks but there is not necessarily a typical day. In other words, tomorrow won’t be a predictable repeat of today at work so be ready to tackle the unexpected assignment as well as the routine tasks and ongoing projects. Here’s what some executive assistants say is a typical day for their executive assistant role in their industries.

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