As the name suggests, a precious metal worker deals with precious metals such as gold, silver and platinum, and objects made from those metals. Precious metal workers are found in many industries, including jewelry, antique restoration, furniture production, mining, and blacksmithing. They also perform a diverse array of tasks within each profession.
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Precious metal workers have an immense repertoire of possible responsibilities. Those in the jewelry industry may craft metal jewelry, resize tight rings and bracelets and repair broken pieces. A precious metal worker may also do consulting work for insurance firms, reducing insurance fraud by examining items and verifying their material composition. They may specialize in engraving items cast from precious metals; the most popular among these are wrist watches, photo frames and wedding rings.
Museums and antique proprietors usually hire a precious metal worker to clean and restore delicate items, such as cutlery, jewelry and sterling silver tea sets. Of course, precious metal workers also create new items, including various liturgical items used in several Christian traditions, such as the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. Artisans who decorate these items must frequently create elaborate etchings or carvings on thin sheets of gold or silver; they may do this with electric scroll saws and drills, although many still rely upon hand tools.
Precious metal workers must also have a concern for security. Because precious metals are so expensive and easy to pawn or sell, workshops, foundries and engraving boutiques are attractive targets for thieves. In many cases, a precious metal worker will be responsible for foiling burglary attempts through creative security measures. Gold, silver and platinum bullion are usually kept in vaults armed with several different types of locks, including combination dials, electronic code systems and fingerprint or retina scanners. Modern metal shops may also employ additional anti-burglary tactics, including laser-based motion detectors that automatically notify police when triggered.
Precious metal workers may work in several different environments. Those who make castings from molten metal may work in large foundry settings; however, many artisanal metal workers have small, portable home forges and may literally melt and mold precious metals in their garage or back yard. For security reasons, however, most manipulation of precious metals occurs in a warehouse or shop setting.
Individuals who work in the jewelry trade usually work in a jewelry store or stand; these may be in shopping centers and strip malls, although very fine jewelry makers may do business out of large, impressive boutiques - particularly in major cities such as New York, London and Milan. It is important to note, however, that even in these scenarios the metal workers may have to work in cramped, dimly lit rear rooms.