What is a Shoemaker?

A Shoemaker is a specialized type of Leather and Shoe Worker. Also known as: Cordwainer, Cobbler.

A shoemaker is someone who makes, designs and repairs footwear. The original name for a shoemaker was cordwainer. Historically, shoes were made one shoe at a time by hand, but this has somewhat been replaced by the shoe manufacturing industry, producing shoes at a far greater rate than sole shoemakers can. There are still shoemakers however, that produce quality, detailed and crafted work, but they are becoming rare.

Although there are few remaining shoemakers in the world, the art of shoemaking will likely be around for quite some time, as many parts of the world still rely on shoemakers. Also, some people still like to know that their perfectly-fitted shoes were designed and made specifically for them.

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What does a Shoemaker do?

Shoemakers have been designing, making, repairing, and cleaning shoes for hundreds of years. To make a shoe, a shoemaker will usually use a last. A last is shaped like a human foot, and using this tool will ensure a properly sized shoe.

Using knives, shears, scissors, or machine presses, a shoemaker will cut out parts following patterns or outlines. Sewing machines, needles and thread, glue and clamps or various hand tools and rivets are used to either repair, decorate or construct leather products according to people's needs and specifications. Certain desired effects are achieved by using dye, paint or stain. A Shoemaker may engrave or stamp leather to achieve a decorative look, or use stitching to create various shapes.

Part of a shoemaker's duties are the repair and maintenance of shoes. Repairing or applying heels and outsoles by using cement, nails or sewing holes and then shaping the shoe heels with a knife and buffing them for smoothness is all part of a day's work.

Shoemakers need to be business savvy as well, since a big part of a shoemaker's customer service is estimating the costs of making custom shoes or boots or estimating a repair.

How to become a Shoemaker

Some colleges and trade schools have shoe repair and/or design programs or offer that type of training through their fashion design department. It's best to look for a school that offers a cobbling or cordwaining program that will teach all of the necessary skills. Of course, becoming an apprentice to an experienced shoemaker will give you on-the-job training and that type of training is priceless.

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Further Reading

  • Small-Town Shoemaker ‘Steward Of This Craft’

    The converted garage with a rough–hewn wooden floor and the pleasing aroma of leather has a neatly hanging array of tools with names like bone folder, pegging awl, channel knife and lasting pliers.

  • Workshops

    People from as far away as Brazil, France, Italy, Japan, Hawaii, Alaska, have come to ShoeSchool Hands-on Workshops at our studio in Port Townsend, Washington.

  • Welcome To Simple Shoemaking!

    I believe the time is right for a multitude of small shoemaking businesses. I can help the budding shoemaker to blossom - first by teaching her or him the basics of simple shoemaking, then offering support during the development of a product, the purchase of tools and materials, and throughout the start-up time.

  • You Walk Wrong

    It took 4 million years of evolution to perfect the human foot. But we’re wrecking it with every step we take.

  • How To Become A Shoe Maker

    Over the years, manual shoe making has been replaced by mass manufacturers and actual shoe makers are rare. However, if you want to become a shoe maker, you may find workshops that teach you the basics of the trade.

  • What Is A Shoe Cobbler?

    A shoe cobbler is a craftsman or woman who specializes in repairing shoes. Traditionally, these individuals also made shoes, although most modern ones focus on repair and restoration, not the manufacture of new shoes.

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