A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions affecting skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands, mucus membranes (inside the mouth, nose, and eyelids) which can include cancer. The skin is the largest and most visible organ of the body, and reflects the health of the body. It acts as a barrier to injury and bacteria.
Dermatology patients can be of any age, from babies to people who are more than 100 years old. Out of 3,000 different dermatology conditions that might be treated, 20 of these account for around 80 percent of a dermatologist's workload.
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In certain parts of the world, like Australia, dermatologists spend much of their time treating conditions resulting from exposure to the sun, such as malignant melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma. In other regions, dermatologists are more likely to encounter cosmetic problems; moles, hair and nail disorders, occupational dermatitis, psoriasis, skin infections, eczema, acne, rosacea, and hand dermatitis. Rosacea is a common skin condition that can cause redness and swelling. Hand dermatitis results from contact with household chemical and affects most women with children. The cosmetic problems for which dermatologists can provide assistance include wrinkles, age spots and other signs of aging, hair loss, and scars. Some dermatologists perform minor cosmetic procedures such as face lifts, liposuction, and blepharoplasty, a surgical modification of the eyelid.
Cosmetics, industrial compounds, and pesticides continually present new dermatological problems. The increased outdoor work and leisure time of people today have increased their exposure to the sun and other hazards that can cause skin problems. It takes years of training and experience to learn how to distinguish the subtle differences in skin problems. Different conditions often share similar symptoms. There is therefore a growing need for more doctors to understand dermatology.
Family doctors might refer a patient to a dermatologist only after their treatment has failed, or if an unsuccessful treatment has caused complications. Because of this, it is often cost-effective to see a dermatologist in the first instance. Dermatologists are also better able to make an early diagnosis. Dermatology was once considered a "lightweight" specialty, but is now recognized as being critical to people's well-being.
Most skin conditions can be treated with topical therapy such as lotions and creams. The surgical procedures dermatologists must learn include the injection of fillers and botulinum toxin (botox) to give a patient a more youthful appearance at the expense of facial mobility, cryotherapy and other procedures to remove common skin growths such as warts, excision, and skin and nail biopsies where the patient is awake and small amounts of tissue are removed to facilitate diagnosis.
Because of the increasing rate of skin-related diseases in recent years, dermatological therapies have been revolutionized by new drugs, laser treatment, photodynamic therapy, and ultraviolet light therapy. That notwithstanding, dermatologists are still in high demand and their work environment can be very busy. At the hospital, they offer general consultation and treat in-patients who have various skin-related diseases.
Dermatologists can decide to work in private practice or public hospitals. They can also provide training for general medical practitioners, teach at a university or run clinical trials in a research lab. Dermatologists can decide to lead campaigns aimed at the community and even offer their services to spas and other beauty therapy institutions.
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Dr Alexandroff is a Consultant NHS and Private Dermatologist with a special interest in skin cancer, psoriasis and hair loss. His NHS practice is based in the University Hospitals of Leicester and he sees private patients in both Leicester and Bedford.
Skin is the organ system that hosts the greatest number of diseases, with more than 2000 estimated primary or systemic cutaneous diseases. If an interesting specialty should boast clinical variety, logic would rank dermatology among the most fascinating.
With the right experience and dedication, a dermatologist salary can be quite a hefty one.
A dermatologist is a physician trained to treat diseases and conditions of the skin, on any part of the body. Dermatologists can treat anything from a fungus or bacterial infection of the skin, to various types of cancer. Dermatologists remove cancerous or unhealthy lesions from the skin, in a minor outpatient surgical procedure.
Dermatologists diagnose and treat more than 3,000 different diseases. These diseases include skin cancer, eczema, acne, psoriasis, and nail infections.