A doctor is someone who maintains or restores human health through the practice of medicine. He or she will diagnose and treat human disease, ailments, injuries, pain or other conditions. A doctor can be found in several settings, including public health organizations, teaching facilities, private practices, group practices and hospitals.
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A doctor's schedule will differ depending on the kind of medicine they practice. Some doctors work in an office, others in the hospital, and some in places you may not think of, like laboratories where they develop new medicines and research cures.
A doctor typically works very long hours and has to be available for emergencies. These hours are spent seeing patients in an office-based setting, running tests as well as interpreting them, prescribing medicine or treatments, doing rounds in the hospital, making notes on patient's physical conditions, advising patients on how to stay healthy and talking to them about further treatment. They keep up to date by taking classes and regularly reading books and medical journals.
A doctor that also performs surgeries will usually work two or three full days in the office and then two or three days in the hospital operating room performing surgeries. Doctors will also invest time completing administrative duties such as updating patient records, returning phone calls or dealing with various office issues.
The following are various types of doctors. Click on each type to learn what they do.
Anesthesiologist - Anesthesia Specialist
Cardiologist - Heart Specialist
Chiropractor - Musculoskeletal And Nervous System Specialist
Coroner (Medical Examiner) - Cause Of Death Investigation Specialist
Dentist - Dental Specialist
Dermatologist - Skin Specialist
Family Practitioner - General Family Physician
Gynecologist - Childbirth & Gynecological Specialist
Immunologist - Allergy Specialist
Internist - Internal Medicine Specialist
Naturopathic Physician - Naturopathic Medicine Specialist
Neurologist - Brain Specialist
Ophthalmologist - Eye Specialist
Orthodontist - Jaws And Teeth Alignment Specialist
Pathologist - Performs Autopsies And Are Living Organism Abnormality Specialists. Forensic Pathologists Help Police & FBI Solve Crimes
Pediatrician - Treats Medical Problems Of Infants, Children And Adolescents
Podiatrist - Foot & Ankle Specialist
Psychiatrist - Mental Illness & Behavioural Disorder Specialist
Radiologist - X-Ray & Imaging Technology Specialist
Sports Medicine Physician - Sports Injury Specialist
Surgeon - Performs Operations
Urologist - Urinary System Specialist
Veterinarian - Animal Specialist
Zoo Endocrinologist - Animal Hormone Specialist
This profession not only requires extensive knowledge of academic disciplines and existing diseases and their cures, but requires communication skills that will enable the doctor to establish good relationships with their patients. Many years of training are required, including undergraduate, graduate and hands-on study. To know exactly how long the training will take one must choose a specialty.
A pre-med student will typically obtain a bachelor of science degree in biology or chemistry. This degree typically takes four years to complete, and all prerequisites for medical school must be met. After completing the first four years, the aspiring doctor must pass the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), a standardized exam that takes several hours to complete.
Students will typically then spend four years in medical school. The first two years are spent doing classroom and laboratory work. The last two years are spent doing clinical rotations, or clerkships, in different medical departments, such as general practice, pediatrics, internal medicine, osteopathy, psychiatry and surgery. By experiencing these areas, students get the chance to decide on their specialty. Clinical rotations are conducted in hospitals and are always monitored by professionals.
Entering a residency program is the next step. This is when students obtain on-the-job paid training, usually in hospitals, under the supervision of senior physician educators. Students are then called 'residents'. They act as professional doctors, dealing with patients, prescribing medications and working in different hospital areas.
If a specialty is chosen, the student will need to complete a fellowship or internship after their residency. This can take from one to three years.
Regardless of the specialty, a doctor must receive licensure before practicing medicine. Licensure is obtained from the jurisdiction or state, and this is done by passing the states medical licensing exam. In Canada one must register with the college of physicians and surgeons in the province of residence.
Becoming a doctor is not easy. Getting through all the years of rigorous study requires not only patience and dedication, but a desire to help people. Sometimes students will not make it to the end, even after passing the medical exam. In this case, a student can opt for other medical jobs, such as nursing or becoming a vocational doctor.
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It is important to research specific requirements in the country where the person will work or train as a doctor.
Those who perform little or no surgery are simply referred to as physicians. All surgeons are physicians, but not all physicians are surgeons.
As we have paced towards growth and development in every sector, the medical field has evolved to become one of the most dynamic and diversified sectors. Today, health care is an established industry with numerous medical jobs and specializations.
I am writing this letter because I feel that our leaders and lawmakers do not have an accurate picture of what it actually entails to become a physician today; specifically, the financial, intellectual, social, mental, and physical demands of the profession.
A physician, or medical doctor, leads the medical team in caring for patients as the primary healthcare provider. A doctor diagnoses and treats diseases and conditions, as well as provides treatment in many forms including medication, procedures, surgery, or therapy.
Everyone has come in contact with a physician, but many misunderstandings about the profession remain. Here's the real deal.