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An engineer uses science, technology and math to solve problems. We can see engineering everywhere in the world around us, improving the ways we work, travel, communicate, stay healthy, and entertain. Today, the field of engineering offers more career choices than any other discipline.
Engineers design machinery, build skyscrapers, and oversee public works, but they address society's needs and problems on so many other levels as well. At a molecular level, they work on drug delivery systems that work inside cells. At a macro level, they quantify the particle flow of pollutants through soil to clean up oil spills, abandoned industrial sites and other biohazards. At a galactic level, they are designing spacecraft for other-planet exploration. At an atomic level, they are developing data storage that focuses on the spin of electrons in atoms. Clean drinking water, safe food storage, and the protection of our environment are also under the domain of the engineer.
The following are various types of engineers. Click on each type to learn what they do.
- directs and coordinates the design, manufacture, and testing of aircraft and aerospace products
- analyzes agricultural operations and looks at new technologies and ways of doing things to improve land use, increase yields, and conserve resources
- develops new chemical products that can be used by a multitude of companies and individuals
Biofuel Manufacturing Research Engineer
- selects, tests, and recommends equipment and process improvements for the production of alternative fuel
- analyzes and designs solutions to problems in biology and medicine
- conceptualizes and designs processes for producing, transforming and transporting materials
- designs and supervises large construction projects, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment
Computer Hardware Engineer
- researches, designs, develops, and tests computer equipment such as chips, circuit boards, or routers
Computer Systems Engineer
- provides advice to clients regarding the appropriate hardware and/or software to ensure that their computer systems meet their needs
- designs and develops new electrical equipment, solves problems and tests equipment
- uses the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems
- is responsible for ensuring that all components of the plane are in proper working order
- finds ways to eliminate wastefulness in production processes
- designs, develops, builds, and tests mechanical devices, including tools, engines and machines
Mining and Geological Engineer
- designs mines for the safe and efficient removal of minerals, such as coal and metals, for manufacturing and utilities
- investigates the microscopic interactions between various materials
- seeks to learn new things that can change the face of health, science, technology, and the environment on a molecular level
- researches and develops the processes, instruments, and systems used to get benefits from nuclear energy and radiation
- locates reservoirs of natural gas and crude oil beneath the earth's surface
- creates and improves systems and products that use photonics—lasers, optics, fiber optics, and imaging
- is responsible for the operation, maintenance, renovation and repair of boiler systems and other mechanical systems in a facility
- creates robots and robotic systems that are able to perform duties that humans are either unable or prefer not to complete
- sells complex scientific and technological products or services to businesses
Ship Engineer or Marine Engineer
- is involved in coordinating the activity in virtually any technical department aboard a commercial, research and military ship
- is engaged in computer software development, and applies engineering principles to software creation
Software Quality Assurance Engineer
- monitors every phase of the software development process so as to ensure design quality
- takes care of sewage and wastewater and makes sure that clean water is available to citizens
Wind Energy Engineer
- harnesses the power of wind to feed a power grid or other electrical power system by designing wind farms, or their components
The workplace of an engineer depends on the type of engineer, their actual job description and the company they work for. Many engineers work in an office environment, some work in the field overseeing their projects, and others, like a ship engineer, travel almost 100% of the time.
When in high school, it is important to have a strong interest and foundation in the sciences and in mathematics. If a student has a strong desire and a high level of curiosity to make the world a better place, and is excited by the thought of taking on the world's toughest challenges, then becoming an engineer may be a sure fit. Most high school students have never spoken to a practicing engineer, and it is strongly advisable to do so before deciding to go down the engineering path. Whether civil, electrical, mechanical or another area, engineering majors are very demanding and take approximately five years to complete, therefore it is critical to know something about engineering as a field and what an engineer does before deciding.
There are approximately thirty majors that are recognized in the engineering technology and engineering fields throughout the world. In order to ensure that the programs provide students with an excellent engineering education, most countries make sure these degrees are accredited. There are many excellent universities to choose from that will match your academic background, personality and interests.
It is important to find an engineering field where you are really interested in the core content. Just because some engineering fields are considered to be the fields to get into and everyone seems to be flocking in that direction, doesn't mean you have to as well. If something doesn't appeal to you, then it's not the right major for you, so avoid it.
Try and get into classes early on that you suspect are going to be your major. That way, you can discover if it's the right fit for you. Two good questions to ask yourself are, 'Am I really enjoying this?' and 'Do I have what it takes to truly excel in this field?' Also, try to avoid taking all the 'fluff' courses during your first couple of years. That will ultimately leave you with all the really hard ones during your final years, and you won't have anything to break up all the hard core engineering work.
The 'best engineering degree' will, of course, be subjective, and be different for each person. The choice a student makes will be based on a couple of things - where his/her interests lie, and what field has the best outlook for the future.
If looking for an engineering field that is growing at a rapid pace and is linked to advancing almost every major industry in the future, then software engineering is at the top of the list. If higher pay is a top criteria, then petroleum engineering and chemical engineering are good fields to look into. The biomedical engineering field is expected to grow 62 percent by 2020 due to the aging baby-boomer generation and advances in medical technology. Environmental engineering is expected to grow by 22 percent by 2020, and civil engineering by 19 percent.
Again, it's good to remember that the best engineering degree (and ultimately the best job satisfaction) may be completely different than what it is for someone else. Opt for the field that will be the most rewarding and fulfilling for you as an individual, as there really isn't a 'bad' engineering field.
Sometimes an engineer will have a personal internal change during their career in which their professional path and interests start to veer from a product-thinking environment to a market-thinking environment (inward focus vs outward focus). It would be recommended to get certified in product management and even think about getting a master's of business administration degree if this is a path you'd like to pursue.
This can be a great career choice, as an engineer already has the technical background and understands the technology. It would be good to read books, blogs, and go to events pertaining to product management. Finding a mentor that has been a product manager for a few years would be excellent as well, as he/she can answer questions and help guide you through the process.
Engineering can be an excellent career choice for someone that has the aptitude, a keen interest, strong math skills, and a logical approach to problem solving. Engineering majors have the reputation for being very demanding, sometimes taking five years to complete. It might be difficult to go through all the math and science involved, and you may wonder if it's worth the amount of work involved (especially when seeing students in other programs having a lot more fun than you).
Remember that you must put in the hard work to achieve any type of success, and becoming an engineer is, in the end, a rewarding and satisfying career. It will enable you to create, test, and design things that solve the world's problems, and it will offer endless growth opportunities. If you pick your engineering field wisely and keep true to yourself and your strengths, it will definitely be worth your effort.
Many aspects of our lives have been visualized, designed, and developed by an engineer. To engineer literally means 'to make things happen'. Most of what engineers do on a daily basis can fall into four categories: communicating, problem solving, analyzing, and planning. Depending on an engineer's industry and role, their day will typically consist of a various mix of these functions.
Engineers take scientific knowledge and convert it into technology, and then take that technology and convert it into a working solution/innovation. There is a sense of pride and well-being that all engineers feel after having completed a difficult project successfully. It is a life-rewarding career: creating, designing and producing useful products and services for others.