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What is a Zoologist?

A Zoologist is a specialized type of Scientist. Also known as: Animal Biologist, Wildlife Biologist.

A zoologist is someone who studies the behaviour, origins, genetics, diseases and life progression of animals and wildlife. There are a variety of ways that a zoologist can specialize and there are many diverse jobs in this field. A zoologist may devote their lifetime to the study of a single species, or work can be more generalized.

What does a Zoologist do?

Some zoologists work at zoos, participating in the direct care of animals. They will observe them, organize and conduct experimental studies in either controlled or natural surroundings. A zoologist may also help to develop educational materials for zoo staff or visitors. Others work overseeing wildlife reserves, counting animal populations or studying the behaviour of certain animals.

There may be an assumption that a zoologist is always outside working with animals, but that is not necessarily true. Many may work in a lab-based environment, studying certain biological aspects of animals. Others may work as professors at universities and colleges, teaching zoology instead of being out in the field. Others will write reports and scientific papers or journal articles.

There are many different types of zoologists, identified by the types of species they study. The following are a few examples of those who specialize:

  • Mammalogist - One who studies mammals, such as monkeys and elephants
  • Herpetologist - One who studies reptiles and amphibians, such as snakes and salamanders
  • Entomologist - One who studies insects
  • Ichthyologist - One who studies fish
  • Ornithologist - One who studies birds

What is the workplace of a Zoologist like?

Some zoologists work as professors, preferring the classroom instead of being out in the field. Others work in a lab-based environment. Yet others prefer working outdoors, studying and working in wildlife reserves. Zoologists who do work out in the field or in remote areas can be away for long periods of time, sometimes weeks or months. And of course, some zoologists actually work at zoos, observing and taking care of animals.

How can I become a Zoologist?

Zoology is a branch of biology, a science that focuses on the study of animals. In order to become a zoologist, one will need a bachelor’s degree for entry-level positions. Many schools offer bachelor’s degree programs in zoology and wildlife biology or a closely related field such as ecology. An undergraduate degree in biology with courses in zoology and wildlife biology is also good preparation. A master’s degree is often needed for independent research and teaching positions.

Zoologists must have a well-rounded scientific background, so courses in chemistry, physics, and botany are important to take. Mathematics, statistics and computer science are also important as zoologists must be able to do complex data analysis as well as geographical information systems and modelling software.

There are certain qualities and attributes that zoologists and wildlife biologists need to have in order to be successful. Sound reasoning and judgment are necessary in order to draw conclusions from scientific observations. Working effectively with others is important as zoologists often work in teams. They must be observant in order to notice slight changes in an animal's behaviour. Also, problem-solving skills are necessary, especially when dealing with threats that may affect animals, such as disease. Zoologists need to be able to verbally communicate, as they often give presentations, educating others on wildlife and management issues. Finally, writing skills are imperative, as writing papers, articles and reports could be a big part of a zoologist's day.

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  • How To Become A Zoologist Or Wildlife Biologist

    Zoologists and wildlife biologists need a bachelor’s degree for entry-level positions, but a master’s degree is often needed for advancement. A Ph.D. is necessary for independent research and for university research positions.

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    Further Reading

    • How To Become A Zoologist

      Providing career advice is one of the most rewarding aspects of my work. There are many resources available to aspiring zoologists and herpetologists, but deciding the best path to take can be a confusing process.

    • Starting A Zoological Career

      To get a job working with animals, you need experience with animals. This bit of truth seems to create a frustrating circle. You need experience to get a job, but you can't get experience unless you have a job, right? Well, yes and no.

    • 10 Great Zoologist Of All Time

      Zoology was considered as a science after Aristotle wrote “History of animals” around 350 BC. The following listed below are the top ten zoologist of all time.

    • What Are The Dangers Of Being A Zoologist?

      The life of a zoologist, at times, is adventurous, especially as the professionals trek through the outdoors studying wildlife and animals. Zoologists, whether they work in laboratories or outdoors, may face dangers in their jobs that other workers might not encounter.

    • The Characteristics To Be A Zoologist

      Though the job of a zoologist can be tough and require working in rugged conditions, if you have a love for nature and wildlife, it can also be extremely rewarding.

    • Qualifications To Become A Zoologist

      Federal and state wildlife agencies, zoos, aquariums, museums, universities, environmental consulting firms and even hunting ranches employ zoologists.

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